Ralph Rolf Rodehag, Ascension Age TJMorrisRadio

Ralph Rolf Rodehag spends much of his time in the air. He has been a pilot and trainer. Having taught for Flight Training in Florida, he now lives in Luxembourg. http://blogtalkradio.com/tjmorrisetradio

 

 

Ralph being a kind spiritual soul has joined our ACO Association to become a friend of TJ Morris Radio and Cosmos Connection. Theresa J Morris, Cosmos Ambassador is launching the Ascension Age Radio Show. This will be on Sundays 7-9 PM Eastern/6-8Central with Co-host Thomas Anthony Sinisi, also known as Tommy Hawksblood of Hawaii.

We will discuss universal life ministering among humans in various location on planet earth. We will discuss the basics we need to take care of our own species in our many various folk cultures.

Photos will be added soon when Ralph Rodehag releases them for public view. He has given me permission to begin his public notifications for him with American Communications Online.

Cosmos Ambassador
Cosmos Connection Radio
Theresa J Morris
Psychic Medium
Ascension Age

Howard Menger

Ralph Rodehag ~ 05/19/18 ~ Cosmos Connection ~ Revolution Radio ~ Hosts Janet Kira Lessin & Theresa J. Morris ~ Producer Thomas Becker ~ Studio B, 6 to 8 PM Eastern time.
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www.revolution.radio
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My name is Ralph Rodehag and I was born in Sweden 1959. I had a nice childhood growing up filled with love and support. My biological father died when I was about 2 years old. My mother worked in the hospitals as a nurse and was a very loving person always caring for others. During my growth, I spent time both in Sweden and in the USA as I had an American stepdad and family. I was active in sports, had an interest to become a pilot since the age of 7 and did well in school. Eventually, I started flying. I started with soaring at age 15. I also was active in the military, learning about flying. This included the Royal Swedish Air Force, Civil Air Patrol and later the Swedish Army for my service.
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I participated in an International Air Cadet Exchange 1976 where I visited Andrews AFB and met the tops of the USAF. I also went to Edwards AFB seeing the first space shuttle being built ( the Enterprise), the B1-B bomber being developed and built, the A-10 among things. We also went to Beale AFB to see the SR-71 which was new for that period. However, my interest in the military disappeared around the age of 20 as flying now became part of my life. I did training in Reading, PA. I flew as an instructor and commuter copilot for about 3 years but because of the economy in the US, I decided to go back to Europe in 1981 to try my luck there for an aviation career.
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I eventually made European licenses and continued my path in Europe and today I am an airline captain on Boeing 737-800 aircraft with one of Europe’s leading airlines.
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My interest in life came actually around the age of 15 when I read about UFO contacts and observations. However, as I was active both in sports, music, military and school the real interest really did not start until the age of 20. I had an unusual experience that caused me to start thinking about who I was and where we all go on this planet. This all happened in the US. My American stepdad (Howard Menger) was very much involved with this but I awoke independently to all this. I never had the influence of my mom or dad.
.
So this led me to start searching for who we are. I met very interesting people through time like a Royal Adviser, An Air Force Officer who was in charge of UFO investigation, a NATO commander, financial people who work in the top of our world. I met very different people with their own experiences as well as researchers who were very serious.
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I have lived a very normal life, working and I have been married to a South American woman since 2008. We met in Luxembourg in the gym. I actively play golf and I try to make to become a golf instructor. Today, I actively study about our planet and how we are controlled. I have known this through my contacts for 30 years so many of the things that come out today are not really new but more detailed than I knew then. I have acquired some good knowledge throughout time and I wish to share this with my fellow humans for truth and hope for a better and a more free world in the future.
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I have traveled a lot and I have studied cultures and religions. I have lived in the US, all of Western Europe and the Middle East. I have friends and acquaintances from the whole world. My conclusion is that we are just all humans on a very small planet in our universe. We may advance very far as a human race. The technology we possess is like science fiction to the public. However, advancement on the social and spiritual plane is equally important.
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EXCLUSIVE BROADCAST: Airline pilot Ralph Rodehag discusses 9/11, UFOs, and more
Kevin Barrett’s Truth Jihad Radio
Many courageous pilots have spoken out about 9/11. Now Ralph Rodehag joins them.

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Do any commercial pilots actually believe the official story of 9/11? Not if they’ve taken a serious look at it. Most know or suspect, but are afraid to speak out. Today’s guest, Ralph Rodehag, is a courageous exception. -KB

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BIOGRAPHY FOR RALPH

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My name is Ralph Rodehag and I was born in Sweden 1959. I had a nice childhood growing up filled with love and support. My biological father died when I was about 2 years old. My mother worked in the hospitals as a nurse and was a very loving person always caring for others. During my growth I spent time both in Sweden and in the USA as I had an American stepdad and family. I was active in sports, had an interest to become a pilot since the age of 7 and did good in school. Eventually I started flying. I started with soaring at age 15. I also was active with the military, learning about flying. This included the Royal Swedish Air Force, Civil Air Patrol and later the Swedish Army for my service.

.

I participated in an International Air Cadet Exchange 1976 where I visited Andrews AFB and met the tops of the USAF. I also went to Edwards AFB seeing the first space shuttle being built ( the Enterprise), the B1-B bomber being developed and built, the A-10 among things. We also went to Beale AFB to see the SR-71 which was new for that period. However my interest for the military disappeared around the age of 20 as flying now became part of my life. I did training in Reading, PA. I flew as an instructor and commuter copilot for about 3 years but because of the economy in the US, I decided to go back to Europe in 1981 to try my luck there for an aviation career. I eventually made European licenses and continued my path in Europe and today I am an airline captain on Boeing 737-800 aircraft with one of Europe’s leading airlines.

.

My interest in life came actually around the age of 15 when I read about UFO contacts and observations. However as I was active both in sports, music, military and school the real interest really did not start until the age of 20. I had an unusual experience that caused me to start thinking about who I was and where we all go on this planet. This all happened in the US. My American stepdad was very much involved with this but I awoke independently to all this. I never had the influence from my mom or dad. So this led me to start searching about who we are. I met very interesting people through time like a Royal Adviser, An Air Force Officer who was in charge of UFO investigation, a NATO commander, financial people who works in the top of our world.

.

I met very different people with their own experiences as well as researchers who were very serious. I have lived a very normal life, working and I have been married with a South American woman since 2008. We met in Luxembourg in the gym. I actively play golf and I try to make to become a golf instructor. Today, I actively study about our planet and how we are controlled. I have known this through my contacts since 30 years so many of the things that come out today are not really new but more detailed than I knew then. I have acquired some good knowledge throughout time and I wish to share this with my fellow humans for truth and hopefully for a better and a more free world in the future. I have traveled a lot and I have studied cultures and religions.I have lived in the US, all of Western Europe and the Middle East. I have friends and acquaintances from the whole world. My conclusion is that we are just all humans on a very small planet in our universe. We may advance very far as a human race. The technology we posses is like science fiction to the public. However, advancement on the social and spiritual plane is equally important.

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Howard Menger
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Howard Menger (February 17, 1922 – February 25, 2009) was an American contactee who claimed to have met extraterrestrials throughout the course of his life, meetings which were the subject of books he wrote, such as From Outer Space To You and The High Bridge Incident. Menger, who rose to prominence as a charismatic contactee detailing his chats with friendly Adamski-style Venusian “space brothers” in the late 1950s, was accepted by some UFO believers.
Later in his life Menger stated in several documentaries that he believed he had misunderstood the space aliens and where they came from. He stated the space aliens did not live on Venus but they had bases on Venus or were passing by or exploring the planet. [1] [2] Menger also wrote about this newer position about where he believed the space people come from in one of his later books.

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Theresa J Morris  woman owned business as TJ Morris dba ACIR, ACO, and in past ACE Folklife Society is the history along with Ascension Center Organization since 1984 in Houston, Texas then moving to Hawaii with Ascension Center and Psychic Network. Now Theresa shares Ascension Psychic and TJ Morris ET Radio. She also has Cosmos Radios Org and Cosmos Expo.

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Ascension Age About Us?

Ascension Age Psyche Soma Synchronicity

TJ Morris Radio Network

We can speak in many ways and this includes with languages we can understand. We can share our reality in linear time while speaking to those who share interest in cosmology, philosophy, theology, psychology, integrative medicine, metaphysics, history of our cultures on earth and in space, and basic spiritual science. Some may even agree that we share a common goal of expanding quantum physics as scientist. We will leave this planet. It is just a matter of time before we leave this level of existence.  Those who are alive as humanoids will not be able to communicate with those who we say have passed or experienced death. Can we know our loved ones once they die? What do we need to know about life after we die? Is there life after death?

I on some level of communication am doing my best to communicate with those outside of me after experiencing death as we know it. When we experience when the body is weakest and the heart stops.  Now learn we can be brain dead while the heart still beats. Which is clinical death? Does life exist after the body and mind cease to work inside our physical body?

This is now upon us to discover. I am told to usher in the Ascension Age. This is an era in time we call linear for the history books for humankind. I am not sure how to make this a reality in human form on earth. It deals not only with humanity but those above we call angels, and God. There is also a God Mother and many call earth mother or Gaia.

I have memories or at least pictures inside my own mind which feel in my nervous system as my own knowing as a reality which did become a part of my history as a spiritual being. I am not sure if this means I am other than human but for lack of better words I call myself an ET or extraterrestrial. It works for now to define that which exist inside of me that knows it is not of human form but is fluid. It comes and goes like thought waves and feels connected to not only who I am but what I am. I am more than a human being. I am on a quest to learn to communicate that which has not been well expressed in the past to the general way of knowing a shared reality in a general way of thinking for the entire populace.

I am searching for words to describe the multi layers of who and what I am. The basic and easiest way my mind can share with others outside of me is to admit that we are more than our senses. We are more than what we experience with our own sight, touch, smell, taste, hearing, and feeling. There are more than our six senses. We are attached to the whole some call a morphic field and synchronicity. There is more that controls the backdrop or flow of the particles and waves. I know that we are all here to explore what it is that gives us life. What is life? We know how to describe what we believe is life in a physical form but what is the true energy that is put into a container we call a body once a body is made? Is that the essence of all that is us together as a whole? If so then where does it come from and why cannot we discover how everything is made and know for sure? There must be others who are out there who know we have yet to discover what our original creator is or was in the beginning.

Many call this out of body experience or OBE. Regardless, I returned after having a placenta previa experience while giving birth to my fourth daughter.

I was reminded over time that being outside of my body was also a larger part of who I am as psyche or soul. I felt my spirit had been a connection to my soul or the conscious thread to a reality that allows some of us to pierce the veil which we call life of the living here on earth.

We have agreed somewhere in time to share a general critical mass mind. In other words what we consider a normal and general way of thinking about what our reality is for humans. Are we supposed to know we believe in reincarnation or just a part of us believe in life and returning over again? How about time must we repeat being human before we graduate to be a God and Goddess? Is that the plan for us all? To be more than we are now? What if what we share in many world religions is truth? Do we agree to rule our own planets once we understand how matter and spirit works together to command all the elements?

 

Will we not remember our history as a soul when we come back to earth or return to the land of the living? Do only some who have perfected something in a past life?  There is much that I feel I know and that I do not know. I am learning how to be me and what serves me as a soul of the entire cosmos. I am a part of the latest way of being human and that which has once again returned to a world we all agree to share as those who are alive in this world. Being of service to the world through communication may be a way to share being human. We all after all want to be loved and understood. If life was only as simple as being loved and understood as a human being, then maybe we could figure out how to control the backdrop of the universal whole as the chaos in the cosmos. I for one would like to help in finding our all the truth about what we call real and not real for both must be important to share a reality. The yes and no as in the yin and yang. The one thing we can see is that there are things set in motion in a back drop we call nature. I want to share in the Ascension Age and will do my best to do so. Maybe only writing weekly in cyberspace on the internet but at least it is energy shared at my attempt of communication with others. If you want to read this and respond as a participant, then I will continue.

So much for an explanation for why I am learning to write down my thoughts which are coming and going like waves on the ocean. Thoughts which ride on top of an energy that makes us alive. We are not sure what makes us who we are as in is a prime creator but being one who has faith which keeps me alive and being able to believe in life after death, I must admit that the word for what I call expressing my own ways of explaining the electrical currents and how my synapses of my brain works is at present called thoughts.

My thoughts are my own and I believe we should all use our lives to think about thoughts which can benefit not only surviving this life but also assisting the whole of what is. I always thought that “WHAT IS” was that which we seek to know that we do not understand as our own knowing inside each of us.

Now please note that everyone has their own path to forge and I believe there is a reason to be human.

With that said, I put myself out to the universe. I may humiliate my own conscious self and my God, but I know that there are many who are human life me where I live on this planet called mother earth who are willing to do the same. We are a hubris bunch of humanoid sentient intelligent beings with egos which keep us alive. Without our egos we cannot exist so telling someone they have a huge ego is like telling them they are a large reason for existing. I would like to study the ego ad id and have done so in psychology. Self-help books have guided me through life. Wayne Dyer came into my life after Zig Zigler. Deepak Chopra followed as did many great spiritual teachers.

These words may not have meaning to anyone but me, but I am going to put them out to the universe with hopes that someone out there besides me can relate.

 

 

 

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Michael Z Williamson

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If Earth were destroyed, how would you rebuild it? And what would apparently disrelated subjects such as science-fiction and disaster preparedness have in common and how would they contribute to the reconstruction process.

Join Cosmos Connection with Theresa J Morris, TJ Morris and Amad Painter on a radio show at 6E. on Revolution.Radio. Or http://www.Freedomslips.com.
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Michael Z Williamson
Hubbard’s Battlefield Earth on how the technologies expounded in these novels carry forward a survivalist philosophy. If Earth were destroyed, how would you rebuild it? And what would apparently disrelated subjects such as science-fiction and disaster preparedness have in common and how would they contribute to the reconstruction process. Mike can talk about his own science-fiction novels
About Author Michael Z. Williamson
Michael Z. Williamson was born in 1967 in Birkenhead, England and raised in many cities including: Liverpool, Newton-le-Willows & the Isle of Wight, England; Mississauga, Ontario; Newark, Granville & Toledo, Ohio.
He joined the USAF at age 18 and went on a whirlwind tour of the deserts and cornfields of America being stationed at numerous bases while also touring other countries including Scotland, Wales; Majorca, Spain and Kuwait.
Mike published his first novel, Freehold, in 2004 and is essentially a genre-defying author, but he does frequently write in the military-SF genres.
His newest offering is an anthology, Forged in Blood, about warriors and soldiers tied together throughout time and space.
His hobbies include: reading, writing, historical re-enactments, forging blades, throwing himself out of aircraft, hiking, Kung Fu, shooting, archery, fine liquors, fine food, traveling and ranting at the political, social and moral state of the world.
www.MichaelZWilliamson.com

Mike can talk about his own science-fiction novels.

Michael Z Williamson
Freehold
Michale Z Williamson
Galaxy Press
Forged In Blood
Michael Z Williamson
Galaxy Press

Angel Eyes

Angel Eyes by
Michael Z Williamson
Galaxy Press.com

Tom Conwell Ufologist

Tom Conwell ~ 01/20/18 ~ Cosmos Connection ~ Revolution Radio ~ Studio B ~ Hosts Janet Kira Lessin & Theresa J. Morris ~ Producer Thomas Becker ~ 6 to 8 PM Eastern Time.

www.revolution.radio

UFOlogist, Tom Conwell, has been an Electronic Technician with the US Navy and Honeywell, Inc. for 42 years, a Honeywell Temperature Control, Fire Alarm and Security Software Specialist, Biomedical Engineer, is Fire Alarm Level II Certified, a Metrologist and HVAC Engineering resource.  Tom has a wide-ranging expertise with a keen awareness of physics, computer and internet software and a broad knowledge of electronics and how it intersects with the paranormal world and UFO’s.

Over the past three years, Tom has written three books and created a sighting map of the US.. They are based on aspects of UFOlogy, he has studied and researched UFO sighting reports from the entire US, and created a national sighting map which has revealed anomalies throughout the US.

Tom has also been on numerous radio programs across the US, has published four books, THEY Are Here, Volume 1 Volume 2 , and Volume 3 (coming soon) on Amazon, he assembled his blogs into a story of how UFOs can find their way here from light years away: A UFO Story.  He is also planning multiple speaking events for the general public, and maintaining a Facebook presence with frequent postings on extraterrestrial life and UFO sightings.

Tom has also been on numerous radio programs across the US, has published his first book, THEY Are Here, East Coast UFOs, Volume 1 available on Amazon, working on Volume 2 now (Central US UFOs), planning multiple speaking events for the general public, and maintaining a Facebook presence with frequent postings on extraterrestrial life and UFO sightings.

Contact:  (tconwel2@nycap.rr.com)

THEY Are Here: (East Coast UFOs – Volume 1) Paperback – January 8, 2016 ~ by Mr Thomas W. Conwell (Author)

Have you ever wondered what kind of UFOs are being seen in our skies? After witnessing several, I began researching my home State of New York. Curiosity sent me searching along the East Coast. I found repeating trends from Maine to Florida covering the entire East Coast. At this time over 10,000 sightings have been reported to the National UFO Reporting Center. In Volume 1, I have only investigated the East Coast. In the future, Volume Two will cover the Central US and Volume Three will be the West Coast. My research started simple but has grown into something truly extraordinary. What other trends will be uncovered? Join me on this quest. Discover my findings and conclusions. Enjoy the journey. Find the answers to what is seen in our skies.
THEY Are Here: Central US UFOs, Volume 2 Paperback – August 26, 2016 ~ by Mr Thomas W. Conwell (Author)

I asked myself the question, why would an extraterrestrial civilization want to look at this town, this city, and this State in 2016? I investigated all of the mundane questions regarding population but I realized that there are still many issues remaining. What about those messages from abductees warning us to clean up our planet? What kind of job are we doing with this? Are we utilizing all of the renewable natural resources possible and not simply consuming? Are we slowly poisoning our own drinking water? Are we considering the future in our day-to-day decisions? I wanted to do a thorough and exhausting study of why UFOs may want to visit our planet. If that was the case, I needed to look at UFO sightings and correlate them with things like Cultural influences such as indigenous peoples (Native Americans).

These topics included: descriptions of visits from gods or spirits, beliefs involving creators and ancestors, archaeological findings, Native rock painting (petroglyphs) and scraps of native language, and Native American burial mound sites. The investigation did not stop there. Conditions of the land areas needed an investigation of things like: earthquakes, other typical and atypical weather conditions, pollution of the air, water and ground, drilling and mining, fracking, Superfund sites, water availability and quality, shale, oil and gas fields, precious mineral deposits and mining, geological conditions with this land, oil, and chemical spills. It didn’t stop there.

Power plants were next in line including nuclear and whether any significant accident occurred, where the nuclear plants were located, oil fired power plants, gas fired plants and especially coal fired plants that typically spew tons of pollution into the air including CO2 discharge suspected to be a major factor in Global warming. What if an ancient myth is actually direct history; what if messages retold from abductions are true; what if Native Americans were right; and what if belief in God was way bigger than you imagined? I never imagined that my life would be as affected as it was during the research of this book. I found myself completely immersed in Native American life and creation myths/history. How do those ever-present UFOs figure into all of this? Join me to find out!

ACO Association by USA Regions

ACO Association Intl USA

TJ Morris Media News Publishing Agency

 

Regions of the United States

There are dozens of ways that organizations split up the United States into specific regions. Sports teams do it one way, the government does it about ten different ways, and some Americans don’t even know what region they live in. In this article, we’re going to take a brief look at the nine regions of the United States as they are divided by the United States Census Bureau.

Pacific Region

The Pacific region is one of the nine regions as determined by the Census Bureau. Five states are part of this region: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. These are the only states that have any borders on the Pacfic Ocean. This region is considered to be a sub-region of the Western United States, but is divided from the Mountain States because of vast differences in climate and ideologies between the two sub-regions. Many students will travel to the Pacific Region due to the diversity and perceived “open-mindedness” of this region.

The Mountain States

The Mountain States are another region as determined by the Census Bureau. The name for this region comes from the proximity of the Rocky Mountain range to each of these states. In some cases, these states are further separated into the Northwest Mountain States (Idaho, Montana, Wyoming) and the Southwest United States (Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Nevada, Utah). These states have higher elevations than anywhere in the United States. Several of the Mountain States have excellent schools that many international students consider attending.

The East North Central Region

The East North Central region contains Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin. Many people will refer to this area and its West North Central counterpart as the “Midwest” region of the United States. Historically, many of these states were part of the Northwest Territory. This region also borders on the Great Lakes, which makes the region a bit more temperate (it has four seasons, unlike other regions of the United States). This region is known for being one of the more inexpensive areas in the country to live, work, and/or study.

West North Central Region

The West North Central region consists of Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota. The Mississippi River separates the West North Central region from its eastern counterpart. Many of the states in the West North Central region have rich farmland, and that has helped to develop the nickname “the Heartland.” The West North Central region is a popular location for students to live because of the low unemployment rates and abundance of affordable housing.

New England

New England is the northeastern corner of the United States; there are six states in this region (Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode Island, Connecticut). New England was part of the original 13 colonies that became the United States after the Revolutionary War. The earliest English settlements were located in this region (around Boston, Massachusetts). This region is historically rich and has a number of excellent universities that you can choose from. Unfortunately, it is one of the more expensive areas of the United States to reside, but that should not discourage you from studying in the New England region.

Mid-Atlantic Region

The Mid-Atlantic region of the United States is located in the “middle” of what is referred to as the East Coast. There is some debate (depending on the source) as to what is included in this region, but traditionally, these states are Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Washington D.C., New York, Virginia, and West Virginia. The Mid Atlantic is considered to be the “stereotypical American” region due to its influence on culture, commerce, trade, industry, and innovation. This region is also incredibly diverse, which makes it an ideal place for an international student to consider.

South Atlantic Region

The South Atlantic Region consists of the following states: Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. It is one of the regions that is considered to be part of “the South.” This region has a warmer climate than its North Atlantic counterparts. The South Atlantic Region has a lot of places that are popular with international students, especially in the state of Florida, where many international students will consider studying.

East South Central States

The East South Central States, along with the South Atlantic and the West South Central States, are considered to be part of “the south.” These states include Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee. This region is referred to as “Old Dixie” by several books. This region is known as being part of the core of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States, and all four of these states are very similar in topography and culture. There are several high-quality universities in the East South Central region that international students consider for their education.

West South Central States

The last region we will discuss is the West South Central region. Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas are the four states that make up this region. This region is incredibly diverse, especially in Texas, and many of the residents of this region are “traditional southerners.” Many of these people have independent spirits and much of the culture reflects that mindset. There are several excellent universities in this region that people from all over the world attend for both undergraduate and graduate programs.

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American Communications Online

As you can see, each of these regions is unique in terms of geography, history, culture, and education. This will be very important to understand when determining where in the United States you want to study. In this guide, we will do our best to give you an overview of what you can expect throughout the United States, instead of trying to focus on each region individually.

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Theresa J Morris

Ms. Theresa J Morris

Founder-CEO- ACO-ACIR, American Communications Online

Owner-Manager-Marketing and Public Relations

ACO Association -American Communications Online – TJ Morris Media-News-Publishing, TJ Morris Radio, Cosmos Expo Magazine, Theresa J Morris Ministries.

  • CURRENT ROLE(S)

    Owner-Manager, CEO-ACO Association International, Administration-Import-Export, Administration, Management, Radio, Producing, Writing, Computers,

  • EDUCATION

    Certificates – Various Colleges, Universal of Illinois 1986

  • CERTIFICATION

    University of Alabama -Tuscaloosa Fire College 1980, U.S. Navy Hospital Corps School, Great Lakes IL 1985

ACO American Communications Online

Theresa J Morris,  TJ Morris dba ACIR-ACO Radio,TJ Morris Media Publishing

3406 Greenbriar Ct. Apt. A
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Please share your SKYPE name with me and send a request to me and my Producer. We will add you to our Cosmos Connection Radio Show.
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We will bring you into the Broadcast via your SKYPE name.
The Radio Show will be 2 hours with a 4-5 minute break on the hour. It will be live and we will do a “LIVE ON AIR” Recording and after 48 hours we can access this recording to use as a podcast embed code.
We will begin sharing your website LINK, Photo, Bio and your story if you want to share in our networks in social media and cyberspace.
ACO shares as an Association to assist others get their books, business, event, link,web presence out to our friends in our own spiritual community. Cosmos Connection begins every Saturday 6-8 Eastern. That is 5 Central, 4 Mountain,and 3 Pacific.   License: http://theresajmorrisministries.org

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ACO Association Intl

ACO

 

 

Contents

Search form   3

The Articles of Association  3

We Fully Prepare You Before Every Interview   5

Podcast Booking Plans / Pricing  6

Anu  26

Origins  28

Divine genealogy and syncretisms  29

Worship  29

Mythology  30

Sumerian  30

Akkadian  31

Hittite  31

Family tree  31

UFO Conference Schedule  33

 

 

TJ Morris Agency

for

 

ACO Association

501 (c) 3 For Charitable Organizations, Inc.

 

Agent: Theresa J Morris

Corporate Address: TJ Morris ACO

3406 Greenbriar Ct., Apt.A

Gulf Breeze, FL 32563

(850) 736-5138

 

Email: TJMorrisAgency@gmail.com

 

Local business Type  in Santa Rosa County,  Florida , Account 73617 Business Tax Receipt registered as Theresa J Morris Ministries under 9024 Service (Ministry Education) – Occupational Tax

 

 

 

ACO Universal Life Services  under the Research Administrator (Ministry Education) – Agent:

Theresa Janette Morris, Theresa J Morris Ministries

TJMorrisAgency@gmail.com

ACO Association International Inc.

Cosmos Expo

The goal of the Expo is to give global businesses and organizations an opportunity to showcase their products, services, or programs to residents of the planet. We are a spiritual science community trade civic organization. We work with visionaries who want to be a part of our synergistic future not only on this planet but as a part of the cosmos. We are about thriving in the future.

 

We are looking to find others who desire to be team players and a part of our American Communications Online Network. As a non-profit organization in a difficult economy, we know that your strength is in getting word out to the community about your services and fundraising activities as economically as possible.

 

 

ACO podcast

Through research and in-depth interviews with forward thinkers, podcasts focus on the trends and innovations that reshape our world and way of being, doing, and having.

Our website

Along with our podcast, is our way of sharing our general research and insights with the public. Our team engaged with our global community of readers and listeners to help inform about our way of understanding future trends so that we can affect positive change in our present world before our transfer to another dimension.

 

Our consulting service

Our chosen team does personal and business forecasting, research and consulting. Some call this advising while others call this coaching or mentoring. Our agency uses long-term strategic forecasting to help organizations thrive with our way of synergy and expected future trends in goods and services.

 

  • AINTRUST

Join the ACO network of visionary  industry experts.

Branding is what we share among our shareholders. Our members can share in synergy and building the future.

We want those who truly want to be a part of something bigger than themselves and have time for growth in the future. It’s now about where we have been and where we are going so we can project the future.

 

ACO subject matter experts vary from a range of disciplines and industries worldwide. These are experts who we have individually invited to collaborate with us on current and future projects to ensure our clients receive both informed and multidisciplinary insights to advise our long­ term growth strategy.

c

Your profile

The more complete your profile, the larger your success rate can be for yourself as an individual and to participate with others.

Your participation and profile determines what our committees will consider as the rates we can pay you and more frequently you will be selected to participate in projects.

Get involved

There are a number of ways you can advise and consult with the clients we partner with. When filling out your profile, we ask that you select a minimum of two particular topics you are an expert in or can mentor. Upgrading your certification is every 3 years.

Benefits

ACO Brain Trust is by invitation only. If you are selected to join this network, you will gain access to a select group of people through unique networking opportunities and future membership services.

 

 

 

ACO has adopted services and the occupational code in the state of Florida as required by law as the occupational codes used in only 38 code levels. The broadband levels (up to six per Occupation Group) are based on job intricacy and experience indicators. The following factors are used to distinguish different levels of work within each occupation group:

  • Knowledge: measures the technical knowledge required to meet performance standards at a particular level
  • Skill: defines how much preparation and learning through experience and training is necessary to perform at a particular level
  • Abilities: defines the capacity to perform an observable behavior or produce a product Division of Human Resource Management August 2014

 

 

Mission:

Education in Integrative Medicine for Body-Mind-Spirit. Research for truthseekers .Personal and professional business solutions for our own web presence in social media and epublishing in cyberspace. We share art, culture, education, science, technology, history, folklife

 

ACO American Communication Online

Public Relations

11-11-2017

ACO Association International 501(c) 3 Charitable Organizations, Inc.

©Agent: Theresa J Morris

Corporate Address: TJ Morris ACO

3406 Greenbriar Ct., Apt.A

Gulf Breeze, FL 32563

(850) 736-5138

Email: TJMorrisAgency@gmail.com

Local business Type in Santa Rosa County, Florida, Account 73617 Business Tax Receipt registered as Theresa J Morris Ministries under 9024 Service (Ministry Education) – Occupational Tax

Theresa is a woman over 65 years and does this more as a personal charity and hobby.

Her friends encouraged her to write her life story and to encourage others as authors.

Theresa J Morris is founding agent for the ACO Association headquartered in Gulf  Breeze, FL. 32563

ACO Articles of Association – A Trade Association for Historical Archiving Internet Security, Net Security among Peer Review Journals, Agents, Copywriters, Editors,  Authors, Consultants, Organizers, Journalists, Producers, Videographers,  Webmasters, Radio Hosts, Podcasters. ACE Folklife a division of ACO Association interested in myths and legends, science fiction and fantasy literature, We are service providers among groups, organizations, and provide guidelines among our peers.  As a non-profit organization in a difficult economy, we know that your strength is in getting word out to the community about your services and fundraising activities as economically as possible.

 


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ABOUT

 

THE CODE

 

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Homepage  Governance  Articles of Association

The Articles of Association

Article 1: Name and Registered Office

Article 2: Purpose

Article 3: Membership

Article 4: Liability

Article 5: Association Bodies

Article 6: General Assembly

Article 7: Board of Directors

Article 8: Powers of the Board of Directors

Article 9: Executive Director and Secretariat

Article 10: Advisory Forum of Montreux Document Participants

Article 11: Certification

11.1 The Association shall be responsible for certifying under the Code that a company’s systems and policies meet the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code and that a company is undergoing monitoring, auditing, and verification, including in the field.

 

11.2 The Board shall develop procedures for this Article based on the following elements and submit them to the General Assembly for approval:

 

11.2.1 The Board shall define the certification requirements based on national or international standards and processes that are recognized by the Board as consistent with the Code and specifying any additional information relevant to the human rights and humanitarian impact of operations it deems necessary for assessing whether a company’s systems and policies meet the requirements of the Code and its readiness to participate in the Association;

 

11.2.2 Companies shall provide evidence of certification under a standard recognized by the Board and keep this certification current, and provide such additional information as the Board has specified under Article 11.2.1;

 

11.2.3 Companies shall provide a written, public declaration of their intent to adhere to the Code with such language as the Board may prescribe, and to participate fully in the Association’s activities under Articles 12 and 13; and

 

11.2.4 The certification process shall operate in a manner that is complementary to, and not duplicative of, certification under Board-recognized national and international standards.

 

11.3 Certification by the Association shall remain valid for a period of three years.

 

11.4 The Association shall foster and promote the development and harmonization of standards in accordance with the Code, and maintain a registry of companies certified in accordance with this Article.

Article 12: Reporting, Monitoring and Assessing Performance

Article 13: Complaints Process

Article 14: Finances

Article 15: Formation and Dissolution

 

 

 

We Fully Prepare You Before Every Interview

ACO Podcast Team shares the task as a booking agent.

We have TJ Morris Media and TJ Morris Agency. Theresa J Morris is the Host.

ACO Association assisting in Social Media Educational Entertainment and Media connections such as podcasts.

As your bookers, we fully prepare you to deliver your message and make the most of each interview.

Normally there be costs such as a setup or administrative fee for marketing and advertising campaigns of a book and personality.

ACO  Dedicated Strategist: A Team strategist member of ACO will be your primary contact, help refine your talking points and story, and aggressively pitch and book the most appropriate podcasts for you.

ACO  Complete Press Kit: ACO Brand shares for our public relations members.

We co-create with you a   marketing one-sheet/press kit with your brand info, images, bios, social media coordinates and all that you want to make public.

ACO can suggest interview topics and promote your digital link.

This contact we make for you allows us to promote you so that you do not have to “Toot your own horn”.

We become a third party independent contractor for you with an unbiased approach.

We can however, represent you and not tie up your time doing what is required to get on most radio shows these days. Most all hosts, producers, and managers involved in media and radio stations have a booking agent that will allow the podcast producer to download additional images and assets.

Pre-Interview Dossiers: Pre-interview calendar invites with comprehensive information about the podcast, the hosts, and all other valuable information can be shared among all interested parties via email and in needed circumstances online using SKYPE or GO TO MEETING. We still use personal contact by phone as needed.

Full Social Media Deployment: Comprehensive social exposure across ACO’s connections to various social media accounts leading up to and following each interview. TJ Morris Media, TJ Morris Agency social media graphics and assets which we also supply to the podcasts to help them promote you on their social media channels.

Podcast Booking Plans / Pricing

Whether you need a cluster of interviews around a book launch, a new product or service, or you’re looking for consistent exposure as part of a larger growth strategy, we have something for you. We offer four monthly pricing tiers to help you reach your goals and your audience:

ACO Association for 501 © 3 ORGANIZATIONS WHO SHARE OUR INVOLVEMENT IN ADVOCATING FOR Our Spiritual Community Universal Life Ministries & Services. ACO Agents, Consultants Organizers, Authors & Speakers Group. ACO Ascension Center Organization Spiritual Science Community of Lightworkers and Truthseekers. We have been sharing our free membership since 1989.

ACO Ascension Center Organization as a Federal Identification and Articles & By-Laws for organizing purposes in the United States of American. Our Agent is Theresa J Thurmond Morris.

ACO Is formed and founder by Theresa J Morris. Under the Research Administrator (Ministry Education) – Agent:

Theresa Janette Morris, Theresa J Morris Ministries

TJMorrisAgency@gmail.com

ACO has adopted services and the occupational code in the state of Florida as required by law as the occupational codes used in only 38 code levels. The broadband levels (up to six per Occupation Group) are based on job intricacy and experience indicators. The following factors are used to distinguish different levels of work within each occupation group:

  • Knowledge: measures the technical knowledge required to meet performance standards at a particular level
  • Skill: defines how much preparation and learning through experience and training is necessary to perform at a particular level
  • Abilities: defines the capacity to perform an observable behavior or produce a product Division of Human Resource Management August 2014.

Mission:

Spiritual Science Education, Integrative Medicine for Body-Mind-Spirit Research. Personal and professional business web presence. We share art, culture, education, science, technology, history, folklife. ACO Corporate Office is in Gulf Breeze, Florida with original Founder Theresa J Morris Ministries.  ACO Ascension Center Organization. Federal Identification Number 45-5208156. NIRS Information on Letter from Cincinnati OH 45999-0038. Letter Reply refer to Note: 0244248205, 1-800-829-3676. 1-800-829-4933 for questions. Main # 800-829-1040, 800-829-0115, 800-829-4933, 800-829-8310.

ACO INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION 501 (c) 3 CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS, INC.- Educational Services all products and services allowed by law.

TJ Morris Media News Publishing -ACO Club -ACIR Reporters- American Communications-TJ Morris Media American production company, specializing in documentary, reality, and non-fiction broadcasting and spiritual science programming specials. Audio-Video-Educational Entertainment & Literary Web Presence Media-News-Publishing. Theresa J Morris Ministries specializes in Spiritual Science Metaphysics.

 

 

 

ACO Articles and By-laws for the ACO Association for 501 (c) 3 charitable Organizations Inc.

ACO CLUB a NON-Profit Organization communication online support group for educational, recreational entertainment and leisure in spiritual health and wellness and integrative medicine education and services (Ministry Education) Spiritual Science Trade Community of services.

We share peer review journals for our various charitable service organizations events, and fundraisers. This  including our knowledge acceptance that source includes cosmology topics which includes the understanding that  alien civilizations exist. UFO Secret Space Command Blog, Ancient Cultures Origin Blog, and the Cosmos Expos Blog are all for communication by the ACO American Communication Online.

ACO Association for 501(c) 3 charitable organizations, Inc., Theresa J Morris Ministries, Agent for Service in Santa Rosa County, Florida 32563

ACO – ACE framework for Purpose: Educational recreational club through fellowship in Communication building a 501 (c) (3) organization of associates membership driven by annual dues and donations sharing a society as qualified 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization in the future. ACO Association for 501 (c) 3 Charitable Organizations, Inc., to be registered in Florida and Hawaii, USA. In association with ACO Ascension Center Organization and ACE Folklife Association of the United States of America. Theresa Janette Thurmond Morris, Founder -Agent, Consultant, Organizer.

Theresa J Morris Founder

Chief Executive Officer (CEO)

Research Administrator

Ministry of Education for ACO Association for 501(c) 3 Charitable Organizations Inc.

A Spiritual Science Integrative Medicine Educational Research Association Community Online Press

ACO Association. International growth through communication, education, entertainment, recreational leisure, tourism. Includes medical tourism for health and wellness, archaeological spiritual site-seeing. ACO Self-help, education awareness, care givers health and wellness community interested in medical tourism. Authors, independent owner operators, entrepreneurs, practitioners, researchers, truth seekers, professional association for purposes of establishing and educational 501 (c) 3 organization. A global alliance of members in unity. We share an awareness of education fund raising awareness in a spiritual health and wellness trade association building community saving expense to our government by sharing books, workshops, training programs, and an annual professional trade association with body-mind-spirit and soulful expression of excellent caregivers and practitioners in mind. Art, culture, education, science, technology, history folklife building and social networking in our global community as ACE Folklife Society including ACE Metaphysical Institute, School of Counseling.

Mission Statement: To provide spiritual science education awareness services, connecting integrative medicine education to others experiencing innovative online education, entertainment, research, health and wellness community.

 

Articles & By-Laws

WHO WE ARE

We are authors, artists, artisans, crafters, creators, educators, engineers, folklife historians, history archivists, ACE journalists, ACE Reporters, ACE Authors, copywriters, editors, ACE Actors Guides, Life Coaches, Counselors, Health & Wellness Advisers, Clergy-persons, Videographers, Website Masters, Web Publishers, Movie Producers, Prop Experts, Custodians of the ancient wisdom, Lightworkers and Truthseekers of the new thought teachings. We come from all walks of life as individuals, professionals, volunteers, clergy, social networking associates.

Ace-Folklife Association building community core history so no one has to feel alone.

“Engage in sharing sustainability of both planet and species through spiritual entrepreneur’s social networking people who want peace one person’s story at a time.”

ACO – Ascension Center Organization Moving Forward!

A Foundation of Self-Improvement & Well-Being!

*Emotional * Mental * Physical * Spiritual Well Being

*Health & Wellness *Co-Creating

*Light of Creativity and Objectivity

ACE Folklife dba ACE Nonprofit Inc. a caregivers storytelling and researching history of our cultures myths, legends, and beliefs. We specialize in human origin. International history and ancient cultures origin archives are our legacy for humankind as researchers, historians, and writers.

History-Mysteries-Fae-Myths & Legends-Human Origin & Vanishing Cultures-World Religions Faith and Traditions-Eschatology-Morphology-Epistemology

Alien Contact Org. – Human Origins Historical Research Association. A trade community of professional entrepreneurs. Ancient History Mysteries sharing alien civilizations exist. We will be sharing ACE FOLKLIFE SOCIETY with various associations, organization and various people who also follow the ALA American Library Association.

We the members of the ACO, American Communications Online Ascension Center. ACO is an extension of our original inspiration from our founder as the original Ascension Centers Organization which was founded for Spiritual Growth, Education, and Continued Research for the Communication of Truth. We believe in health and prosperity of all. Our official date with the founder and others began when a meeting was held in Hawaii in September 1989 and annually through 1993. The official Ascension Center was founded for sharing together a community of services and a spiritual products company with an import and export understanding of co-creating a global community. We share our own talents and skills as free agents, consultants, and organizers.

Services are provided as private and group counseling, study groups, classes, seminars, written publications, audio-visual tapes, and other workshop materials, which is a synthesis of ancient wisdom and new though teachings and philosophies.

Original Ascension Center Organization of Spiritual Science for the continuation of history and education with online communication. Ascension as in consciousness raising as the only thing we take with us when we leave planet earth our of physical form are our memories of our lives lived on planet earth. We experience life after life, near death experiences, and Emotional-Mental-Physical-Spiritual Well Being. Belief in Ascended Masters and Avatars life after death for immortal souls.

We learn to share our past lives lessons and return to assist in this lifetime to benefit not only ourselves but other human souls who may desire to share and to not be lonely. We live and learn to share and if we cannot help another we certainly do not want to harm them. We have a philosophy of live and let live and to do unto others as we would have them do unto our own selves. Treat others the way we want to be treated. We share a win-win way of life. We learn we can all live and learn and love and leave a legacy for those who come after us. Leave the world in a better place than when we found it or was born here. We are doing our part to learn to not be alone and learn to share life in a community with friendship. Many of our members want to learn about others who have had lifetime experiences that may not be similar to their own on planet earth. the UFO Secret Space Program has been the history of all humanoids who come and go from this planet but in the past was only shared with those with a need to know. Now, we share what history we have found to already have been disclosed about the past of those we call extraterrestrials coming and leaving. We regard UFOS as unidentified objects, and USOs as unidentified submersible objects. Theresa J Morris Ministries was founded by original owner of the ACO Hawaii as the first original Ascension Center Organization for a spiritual trade community internationally in the United States of America first use September 29, 1989, in Honolulu, Hawaii. Reorganized in Kentucky July 25, 2012 as EIN# 45-5208156.

Moved founder and corporate office to Florida January, 2017.For ACO Association Taking in fellowship membership we begin on January 3, 2018. Three Year Certifications for our members in peer review membership for recertification and vouching for endorsed membership certification levels.

 

DESCRIPTION          ACO Spiritual Business Community and Trade Organization International

Patrons throughout the United States and the world. Subscribers receive a monthly Magazine – Report/Newsletter and are given a discount on all classes, seminars, books, tapes, and material published by the Ascension Centers Non-Profit Organization. OFFERING:

A spiritual gathering place for private and group counseling, classes, seminars, publications, tapes for archiving purposes or personal educational use.

We offer spiritual and educational products and services. We share body-mind-spirit health and wellness educational products and services.

Classes and seminars are formed to discuss materials, teachings, revelations, and experiences of transformation in individual through expansions in consciousness as well as for healing the planet with love and light in a trusting environment.

Each member will be continually supported in their spiritual and educational growth, self-improvement, speechcraft, communication, and leadership ability.

Support is given to each member to live a “balanced life.”

This includes mental, emotional, physical, and spiritual well-being for whole life living.

“Making the world a better place for you, me, our children, and the entire human race.”

Spiritual Business Community Networking & Trade Organization.

Sharing artwork, books, and speakers with vendors who are into the body-mind-spirit sharing the birth-life-death process for our humanoid sentient intelligent being species. We care to share in the awakening awareness of our future by sharing in the arts and sciences. We are about education.

We work with adult’s continuing education as ACE for the ACE Nonprofit Inc. We are adults who work together in education by sharing in a community online. We are using our practicing skills to provide content. We share content in our blogs and podcasts LIVE on the AIR with blog talk radio. We share webinars and communication online with our audio and video recordings. We write books. We support our libraries and our authors in both hardcover and electronic books we call EBooks online.

Creative Imagination Inspiration Interdependence Starving Artists and Authors are coming together to work with Lightworkers and Truthseekers.

We are coming together and are asking our authors to assist us in co-creating our members best quality for lithographs to assist us all in raising funds for assisting in uplifting humanity in our art, culture, education, science, technology, history, and folklife.

We work with visual and performing artists. We work with artists and authors. We work with speakers in speechcraft and information sharing. We work with social entrepreneurs. We have a call to action to angels, lightworkers, and truthseekers.

We have radio shows that are bringing people together.

Friends sharing interests together in free open source media such as Facebook meet and discuss co-creating as organizers for various events at venues to support members as authors and speakers. We will provide a gathering place annually to support annual meetings for administrative purposes to elect new directors and officers as the case over time may be presented.

WE ARE HAPPY TO SHARE THE FIRST ALIEN CONTACT ORGANIZATION also known as the ACO! We share groups which are interested in co-creating support of the philosophy that Alien Civilizations Exist as ACE the acronym over time. It is known that our history shows that people have been coming and going over time. We are sharing our Ancient Cultures Origin with our latest Cosmos Expositions with interstellar communication, archaeology, anthropology, and ufology all sharing the study of alienology as possibly our origins throughout the cosmos. We are at the crossroads in our lifetimes asking “WHAT IF!”

Due to operating as more than one person in a synchronicity of having a framework to work with as possibly two or more people in unity there must be a general framework we share. This was adopted over time from November 1989 and confirmed with the first group in September 1993 in Honolulu, Hawaii. The original framework was for the first Ascension Center, and Psychic Network. These two have been founded by Theresa J Thurmond who is now known as Theresa J Morris. Theresa is sharing the original epiphany and vision for the future ascension age with the ACO as part of the original history of soul origin the way she has experienced life in this 3D reality. How to know what is folklife a division of anthropology and what is theosophy and both in relation to spiritual science and human physiology is now shared in the future of the education we communicate. The ACE Metaphysical Institute takes into consideration all the arts and humanities and the sciences including cosmology and all metaphysics.

CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS OF THE ACE Ascension Center Education & Ascension Center Organization with the ACE Metaphysical Institute which meets with the founder wherever she may meet with officers and directors in each state in the United States and as other countries are franchised into our international online creations in cyberspace.

ACO Association for 501 © 3 charitable organizations Inc. ©

ASCENSION CENTER ORGANIZATION

CONSTITUTION

ARTICLE I

1 The Body shall be called the ACO.

ARTICLE II

1 This Body ACO Association for 501 (c) 3 charitable organizations Inc. In association with ACO dba Ascension Center Organization and the ACE Ascension Center Education shall meet annually at convention, according to adjournment, but in case of emergency the President may call a special session with the advice and consent of the Mission Board, or two-thirds of the members of the Board present and voting may call a special session. The body ACE dba ACE Nonprofit Inc. shall work in alliance with ACO as Alien Contact Org a membership driven education community.

2 This Body ACO dba Ascension Center shall include in the meeting annually the state Mission Board also known as ACE FOLKLIFE Society dba ACE for archiving and researching all . ACE as the acronym for adult’s continuing education and art, culture, education. ACO Messengers shall be called Personal consultants to the Board of the Body.

3 This Body will allow members to join based on annual dues and tithing donations as love offerings to assist in the arts and sciences of humanity education in sustainability of planet and species. Ascension Center Church Org in an online internet church gathering will share radio shows with TJ Morris ET Radio on blogtalkradio.com/tjmorrisetradio and TJ Morris Media.

4 This Body shall be allowed to participate in trade and commerce and all enterprises allowed by law. ACO and ACE are recognized as an alliance of one and the same with goals in art, culture, education, science, technology, history, and folklife. ACO ancient wisdom and new thought teachings. ACE history and metaphysics of an esoteric rewriting history of humanity for the future. One being ACO is female dominant while ACE is male dominant as sister and brother in an alliance. Theresa J Thurmond Morris is founder of both the ACE and ACO and refers to the ACE Metaphysical Institute and the ACO with her own choosing for administration purposes with the acronyms as she sees fit.

5 This Body shall be known as a not for profit spiritual educational organization and faith based charity fundraising allowed while interested in consumer affairs while advocating civil and human rights for all consumers who have the right to know of the best economical offerings in consumer products with educational awareness of what they are consuming. We will vote with our purchase power and become educated while sharing awareness of choices to vote when we purchase. We recognize purchase power as a platform group as a social network while caring and awake and aware of our sharing power and goodness as in caring for one another. We share our knowing and beliefs as in trust in each other as humans.

6 ACE Nonprofit Inc. has been formed for the ACE Metaphysical Institute as a part and division to support the funding of teaching classes on spirituality, metaphysics, and of esoteric nature as a spiritual community. Ascension Center.net used for educational informational blogs. ACO brand can and will be used for branding purposes for future chosen participation in fund raisers for marketing. ACO will be used on banners for events and conventions.

ARTICLE III

1 The membership of this BODY shall consist of messengers from cooperating affiliated offices, churches, associations, groups, as members of this organization as follows:

ACE and ACO Spiritual Retreats for authors, co-creators, educators and members. ACE Metaphysical Members share begin as students, qualified in courses and become teachers as the need arises. ACO and ACE will share duties and responsibilities. Websites are maintained by individual members who franchise brand names and logo under the ACE Folklife and ACO as Alien Contact Organization in various locations and countries as the interest is expanded.

(1) Two messengers from each retreat, light center, education center, psychic awakening center, medical center, or church having one hundred members or less, which is in friendly cooperation paying annual dues with this organization as a convention in principal; is sympathetic with its purposes and work; and has during the fiscal year preceding been a bona fide contributor to the Convention’s work. A convention will be planned annually accordingly in each location which is franchised by way of payment of an annual franchise fee to the main headquarters for registering purposes.

(2) One additional messenger for each church, association, group, organization, education institution, shall be allowed for each additional two hundred fifty members, or for each $150.00 and annual donation contributed to the Cooperative Program during the fiscal year preceding the annual meeting but no group, retreat, light center, education center, psychic awakening center, medical center, or church may be allowed more than ten (10) messengers to be allowed to administration management to be included as the international directors list globally. Members are listed in each designated franchise state or country. Members votes are collected by the one through 10 messengers that carry the votes to the annual gathering with a certified copy signed by the messenger responsible for the area franchise.

(3) Messenger’s cars will be sent, upon request, to individual post office boxes for their members which are registered post office agent to accept the membership cards in the U.S. Postal System in their zip code office of the region in the USA or in case of global organization by registered agent for the nation state or country and regional and local office. State Convention Office must be registered to hold conferences in their home state and country and be a member of the ACO-ACE Convention Directory requested as members in good standing with the founder who is the keeper of the information.

(4) Ballots will be issued to each member as a registered member at the time one registers. One vote per member.

ARTICLE IV

1 On the occasion of its annual meeting the Body shall elect by ballot, a president, a first and second vice president, a secretary, and one assistant secretary. Their duties shall be such as custom imposes upon such officers. They shall hold office until their successors are duly installed at the closing session of the annual meeting of the Body. No president shall be eligible to succeed himself in office. The President and the vice President and Secretaries of the ACO Convention shall be the officers of the ACE FOLKLIFE Mission Board of the ACO Convention.

2 Persons to be nominated as officers of the ACO-ACE Convention must be consulted and permission secured before their names are placed in nomination. ACE Nonprofit Inc. officers are officers to be nominated and voted on as volunteers. Ascension Center Education is devoted to fairness for all and transparency for all books in each state and country for accounting purposes and members ballots and votes.

ARTICLE V

1 This Body has no jurisdiction over the local offices, churches, or the District Associations, and shall exercise no authority over them.

2 All single members will be assigned a personal consultant as an agent of our organization depending on their local office, church, in state by location and region of the United States of America and in each franchising country. Volunteer clergy can receive commission on art creations as per any citizen with free will and intent for moral integrity. Charity fundraising with donations of art, books, and other products is considered as part of our annual goal setting.

3 All Agents are simply reporting agents for accounting purposes. Personal consultants are independent contractors for hire as life coaches, personal managers and counselors are listed by office, church, in local city, state, and region in our ACO-ACE Directory. ACE Nonprofit Inc. will also list our agents, consultants, organizers, clergy, teachers, and others who may want to share their talents, skills, and membership with ACO and ACE.

ARTICLE VI

1 The Body shall be a medium through which the agents, offices, churches, in their sovereign capacity can work together in promoting all nondenominational enterprises which they deem necessary in carrying out the Great Commission of the Christ Consciousness Awakened Awareness of the Higher Self based on eternal knowing of an immortal soul that Ascension is our way of believing in Ascension Center Churches and Education. ACE Universal Life Churches are established in the United States of America. We certify our own clergy, teachers, and administrators.

  1. Association. International growth through communication, education, entertainment, recreational leisure, tourism. Includes medical tourism for health and wellness, archaeological spiritual site-seeing. ACO Self-help, education awareness, care givers health and wellness community interested in medical tourism. Authors, independent owner operators, entrepreneurs, practitioners, researchers, truth seekers, professional association for purposes of establishing and educational 501 (c) 3 organization. A global alliance of members in unity.

3.Education fund raising awareness in a spiritual health and wellness trade association building community saving expense to our government by sharing books, workshops, training programs, and an annual professional trade association with body-mind-spirit and soulful expression of excellent caregivers and practitioners in mind. Art, culture, education, science, technology, history folklife building and social networking in our global community as ACE Folklife Society including ACE Metaphysical Institute, School of Counseling

ARTICLE VII

1 The ACE FOLKLIFE Historical Society Mission Board of this body shall consist of members from each cooperating arm as categorized by their elected business title as office or church in the District Association plus eight at-large members from the geographical region of the state in which they live and reside. Members must live and reside in a direct district to work in their district as member, and personal consultant, agent. The Mission Board membership from the associations shall consist of one member from each cooperating District Association with a total office, church membership of five thousand or less, and one more member for each additional five thousand office or church members, or major fraction thereof, as reported in the Convention Annual Directory of the preceding year. Each District Association of our Personal Consultants Active with a total office church membership of five thousand or less shall nominate two persons for each membership on the Board of whom one shall be elected. Should any District Association fail to exercise this prerogative, then the Committee on Nominations of the Convention shall make the nomination.

2 The eight at-large members shall be elected from any cooperating affiliated franchising Office Church, office education school, and ACE Metaphysical Institute. These members shall be elected by nomination by the Committee on Nominations of the Convention at the international annual meeting. ACO Directors may share in the ACE Educational curriculum building for goal setting and futurology.

3 All members of the Board shall be elected by the ACO dba Ascension Center Organization for a term of three years, beginning in 2012, except those who are elected to fill the vacancies by 2017. Vacancies from death, resignation, or moving from the district association. A move of an at-large member does not constitute a need for a change in regional association. No member shall be eligible for re-election for one year after his term has expired except one who has been elected to fill an unexpired term. Members serving two (2) years and six (6) months shall be considered as serving a full three year term. Any vacancies on the ACO-ACE Mission Board not filled at the annual meeting of the Convention or which occur during the year shall be filled by the Mission Board Founder upon recommendations of the Convention’s Committee or Nominations. Mission Board Founder is Theresa Janette Thurmond Morris aka TJ Morris. May 2017 begins the new Board of directors with Theresa J Morris, Janet Kira Lessin, and Dr. Alexander Sasha Lessin, Ph.D. to hold office in Florida with online meetings via skype, zoom, or other electronic go to meeting webinars and go to meetings are required monthly and/or weekly.

4 The retiring President of the Convention shall be an at-large member of the Mission Board for one year immediately following her/his term of office for the past annual convention as venue organizer event planner. This is for the largest annual gathering.

5 The retiring President of the Convention shall be an at-large member of the Mission Board for one year immediately following her/his term of office and may be allowed to become an event planner listed for future event planning as a charity fund raiser along with his or her peers and a chairperson of a future community committee or group in our various social media groups online.

6 Three members of the Board of Directors shall constitute a quorum for administrative planning purposes. These articles and by-laws must be reviewed by a legal and clergy member for morals and integrity with the laws of the United States of America. All changes are recorded once voted on with a signature by the founder.

ARTICLE VIII

1 The Mission Board shall have charge of the work of this body for organizing events, of this body between its sessions and shall appoint all officers, agencies, committees, that may be required to perform duties in its work including ACE and ACO.

2 The Mission Board shall not contravene any Convention action. Mission driven statement based on articles and by-laws.

3 The Mission Board shall neither create, accept, nor release any institution or agency for the ACO Convention, unless so instructed by the ACO Convention. The existence of any emergency in connection with an institution or agency shall be determined by a majority vote of the Mission Board in session, and the Board shall make recommendations to the Convention with reference to emergency.

4 The Organized Mission Board shall make a report to the annual ACO Convention. At least thirty days prior to this meeting the Board shall publish in the ACO News Guide its recommendations except in an emergency that may arise thereafter. The founder Theresa J Morris shall publish a copy on her own for transparency purposes.

  1. Associate Clubs Issue in the Associate Clubs Information Recorder. ERA COP MAGAZINE is for our members stories. We share our Education Research Associates Community Online Press as our Reporting Journal and/or Newsletter if members want to establish a name with a by line as a contributor. Editor for our ERA COP Magazine and supporting staff is voluntary.
  2. We continue our spirituality without Ascension Center Organization in Unity.

 

  1. We now add for those interested our Alien Contact Organization for those who share our belief that “Alien Civilizations Exist”. We share ACE Folklife Society and ACE Society of Metaphysicians.
  2. Alien Contact Organization and Alien Contact UFO Secret Space Command will work together to establish loyalty, trust, and compassion among our members at UFOsecretspace.com
  3. We share with social media groups in our websites among others we adopt as service marks. UFO Secret Space made known in 2017 at ufosecretspace.com. Cosmos Expo will be an annual gathering with a website magazine known as cosmosexpo.com to support our annual membership event.

ARTICLE IX

1 No person shall be eligible to serve at the same time on more than one Board of Trustees or Directors or Managers of any agency or institution, office, church fostered and supported by the whole of the ACO dba Ascension Center Organization, except the Mission Board of the Convention, and shall not be eligible for election or appointment until he/she has been a member of the ACE-ACO for at least one year as a calendar year prior to nomination or appointment, and shall not be eligible for re-election after serving two full terms until having been out of office at least one full year, except the ACE-ACO Schools of Education as in the Ascension Center Education Institute Universities online may have a maximum of eight (8) trustees per brick and mortar college or university outside the state; these trustees to be nominated from candidates who are members in good standing of cooperating fully with the ACE Metaphysical Institute, ACE Academy and ACO Institute of Technology in their respective states in the United States or global work in the overlain course curriculum directory of offices and divisions by the location based on home headquarters in the USA and safe global tectonic economic plates on the planet. ACO School of Counseling addresses our caregivers, clergy, life coaches, practitioners, web masters, managers researchers, searchers, manage career transitioning, writers, editors, volunteers, and certification programs.

ARTICLE X

1 The President of the Convention and the Executive Director-Treasurer shall be ex-officio members of all committees as required to oversee the overall administration and accounting of the entire ACE-ACO annual convention for accounting purposes of charity donations to be included in the future rental of the annual venue and speakers.

ARTICLE XI

1 This Constitution may be altered or amended (except Article V) by the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present at any annual convention meeting, one year’s notice having been given to the proposed alteration or amendment.

ARTICLE XII

1 The Body will remain perpetually however if for any reason body was to be resolved for any reason the assets would be liquidated and all proceeds will be given to a charity for hunger and poverty in America. We share concerns for those who are hungry and alone. We also look after our elders in all states and franchised countries and if funds are over 1000.00 a division will be done per thousand and disbursed to prepare meals for the elderly and homeless.

2 Fifty percent of the projects to be discussed as fund raisers will be to assist the hungry, homeless, women rights and government approved homeless shelters. We disburse in assigned regions according to Veterans Organizations Groups around the United States of America. We support our veterans.

ACE-ACO BY LAWS

1 The Session of the Convention shall be opened and closed in a one minute silent prayer by a delegated officer with our own clergy of the ACE and/or ACO certification membership in good standing. Annual conference will have a clergy serving member present to guide the spiritual affairs of the convention and to provide counseling and for purposes of performing marriages.

2 Visitors shall have the privilege of speaking in debates or panel discussions but not of voting. Only members can vote and serve on panels.

3 Each member, when he/she speaks in debate or has any communication to make to the convention, shall address the president, and when he/she has finished he/she shall be seated. This Rule #3 & #4 of By laws must be read at each Convention to the masses in the beginning and shared with those by members to visitors and members who are arrive late in passing in case a visitor is new to the convention. This rule is placed in all publications for each annual convention including in the annual program for public relations purposes. Order is to be maintained by a Sergeant at Arms member who has served in the Armed Forces and preferably a veteran.

4 No member shall speak more than twice in any since debate or event on the same day without a two-thirds majority vote of the Convention except the President of the Convention and the Executive Director- Treasurer named in Annual Directory, and the Annual Program Guide with the Officers list for the convenience of our members and ticketed visitors acknowledgements .

5 When a member shall be called to order he/she shall be seated until the president has determined whether he/she is in order. An appeal may be made from the decision of the president in this as in any case. Members are to be educated not to talk over each other and to respect members right to speak once recognized by the President.

6 When the president shall desire to be heard in debate; or to be temporarily absent, the Chair can be taken by one of the vice presidents, or in case of the absence of both vice presidents, by some member whom the president may select or elect as masters of ceremonies in the President’s stead when involved in another conference meeting. The Sergeant at Arms can step into a position of authority when no officer is present.

7 In the election of officers by ballot submitted in writing which is a part of the annual program to be counted after left in ballot boxes at the entrance of the convention hall tables, if only one nomination is made and no other person desires to be nominated, the secretary may cast a the ballot of the Convention which is in writing and announced to the whole convention in the main meeting hall at the beginning and updated at the end of the convention meeting with ballots posted total for the coming year for results all do not have to remain present to win. We prefer the officers to remain until closing with nominees included to learn of results and to know their term of office and training time allotted.

8 The results of all balloted votes shall be made known to all messengers and recorders whether at the proceedings of the Convention. It being understood that these votes refer to the examination and election of all previous written ballots for the election of officers and any other ballot votes as assigned to debate committees for the next annual meeting.

9 All resolutions, memorials, and all motions except motions related to procedures made for the consideration of the annual ACE-ACO Convention shall be presented in writing. All resolutions and memorials shall require for passage the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present and voting which are a minimum of quorum of 40 members for the annual convention in 2014 as 2011, 2012, 2013 for the first three (3) years have been filled voting to be held for all to follow in 2017 and then every three (3) years perpetually. Noted online original history is so noted from the kept physical record owned by the founder since 1989 in Hawaii. 1989-1993 Ascension Center Education and in Kentucky 2003- 2007 ACE FOLKLIFE Art, Culture, Education. In 2015 President is Thomas R Morris was nominated and appointed for three (3) years based on prior contributions to radio and ACE Book Club. In 2017 after the death of Thomas R Morris, December 2, 2015, a one year grace period was given to the founder Theresa J Morris. 2017 a new beginning was established to begin at the meeting in May in Mobile, Alabama with the three (3) directors. Future events will be determined.

10 No new item of miscellaneous business may be introduced in the last session of the annual Convention without unanimous consent of the Body. No motions to rescind a previous action of the convention may be made in the last session of the annual Convention except by unanimous consent of the Body unless it involves banking choice for the local agent as a personal consultant of the newest franchise if needed to form a new franchise which is normally handled and the Bank chosen by the original founder as TJ Morris ACO, in Gulf Breeze, Florida USA. First donations cannot be accepted unless recognized with the ACO Convention LOGO which is authorized by and through the President only for branding purposes.

11 The Presiding Officers for Banking Purposes is President/CEO. The Executive Director-Treasurer may share in responsibility and accounting and bookkeeping purposes for the assigning of a cashier’s check for the venue and payment of the expenses for each annual fundraising event. The presiding officers shall be empowered to sign for the entire ACE and ACO Convention. The President of ACO will remain first opening Officer as President/CEO of the original ACO for the duration of her life as the first officer for Life to be recognized in the public and banking system in the United States of America. Upon her death then the Number #2 Account of ACO Hawaii will become the Home Office but until such time Florida is the original founding state with the original founder of ACO with the Federal ID of the Internal Revenue Service and the US Treasury which has been assigned in 2012. Second office is recognized as Ascension Center Education – Hawaii, USA. For historical purposes the original date of the first Ascension Center was filed on the record in Hawaii 1992-93 in Honolulu, Secretary of State Office of assumed names where all requirements were met and signed by Theresa J Thurmond-Orr at the time. Official documents as Hawaii Driver’s License and US Passport were used at the time of filing along with brand logo. Cost to use brand logo and name in Hawaii is now set at $250.00 but will increase to $300 for filing in each state hereafter as an Agent Office to be used for convention purposes and business enterprise in trade and commerce if other than the Founder, Theresa J Morris dba ACIR, Agent for ACO dba Ascension Center Organization, and ACE FOLKLIFE a 501C3 Not for profit corporation open source on the internet in cyberspace social networking as art, culture, education. ACO is assigned for trade and commerce of cotton products for branding purposes to be used in association with the ACE FOLKLIFE Brand for business enterprising purposes and more importantly recruiting members to our convention. ACE Metaphysical Institute came into being with the original founder Theresa J Morris for esoteric purposes and as a clairvoyant with clear insight and intention.

12 The Committee on Order of Business shall suggest an order of business for the next meeting of the Annual Convention at the end of the Convention. It shall provide periods of time during the early days of the annual convention for the introduction of all matters requiring a vote not scheduled on the agenda and in the annual itinerary program in the actual printed program of publications to be kept in a volume book by year. One copy of each annual program by year will be labeled and kept in a hardbound binder. When introduced unless the annual convention then gives its unanimous consent by hand raised voting as in all yeas and nays with the majority rules to accept the motion as presented in motion form to be adopted then shall find inspiration x time for the considerations of the same.  For archiving purposes in a linear numerical annual.

13 Twenty-five percent of the registered messengers at any annual meeting convention shall constitute a quorum for the conduct of business.

14 Any question that is not provided for by the foregoing rules shall be decided according to Robert’s Rules of Order (Latest Edition).

15 The foregoing rules may be altered or amended at any annual meeting by a vote of two-thirds of the members present.

16 Committees of the ACE-ACO with Guidelines will be presented at the Mission Board of December and May meetings and of course other nominations may be filled as needed by the president. Meeting of the committees including special committees will be included as in those of the Civitan International Booklets as one of the organizations that has trained the president, Theresa J Morris, of Ohio County Kentucky, USA. Thomas R Morris served as co-founder of ACE in 2007 and elevated Theresa J Thurmond Morris to President/CEO as a nomination which was approved unanimously for the forming of corporation articles and by-laws.

17 Committees on the annual awards and programs shall formulate the program for the annual meeting with awards to be presented to the winners of various contests held annually including the ACE AWARDS. Adults Continuing Education, Ascension Center Education, and Alien Contactees Education are sharing committees, groups, and websites for our community online practicing skills in writing and communication.

PROJECT MANAGEMENT COURSES – ACO CLUB and ACE Book Club

  1. IN ACO Social Service Club – Adults Continuing Education as ACE in America. We share the ACE Book Club with our members who are authors, contributors, and supporters.
  2. Integration Management recognizes and promotes diversity in technologies, cultures, people and ideas, both within our company and in the markets where we do business. ACE Folklife dba ACE Nonprofit Inc.
  3. Plan on preparing with the new edition Based on Material we will share as the New ACE-ACO Guide for 2014. Taking the Exam after July, 2014. 2015-2018 is important years for our new members to share in our webinars, and to meet our originators in person at book signings.
  4. We recertify every 3 years. We will share in other certification programs under generally accepted project management of experts. 500 to 600 pages are areas of incorporation into our NEW ACE GUIDE in the Metaphysical Industry of our state quotes of projects actually engaged in the project. If you or your organization would like to affiliate please contact our main office in Kentucky, USA.
  5. We are to be new to accepting the standard that is being used in world information network of the United States and for global management in the World Organizations Project Management Maturity.
  6. Exam takers of disconnect and the outlines of the content of the exam is now a point to fill the gap of time and cost for management of specific processes. We are socializing the new data flow throughout the ACE Guide has been made consistent to the Ascension Age of knowledge to wisdom.
  7. We now have the potential to leap to adaptive methodologies in a generic guideline driven standard in the knowledge industry. We share that we are a spiritual community of immortal souls who are bringing truth to light of our history and communication for the betterment of all for health and sustainability.
  8. We are in the health and wellness support along with continuing education in a whole lifelong learning process.
  9. We prefer to share the information that is shared in projects which deal with the new knowledge base of information. The New Social Entrepreneurs cover the entire span on project management life cycle in dealing with future stake holders. We handle much that is out of scope of critical understanding in order to ACE the ACE EXAM. We will be scheduling events on our webinars and future certification programs and psychic fairs and workshops with ET Seminars and Divine Expo.
  10. It’s interesting to know that we are in planning and we assist in creating plan and scope management plan and cost management plan.
  11. ACE Nonprofit Inc. has been formed for the ACE Metaphysical Institute as a part and division to support the funding of teaching classes on spirituality, metaphysics, and of esoteric nature as a spiritual community… We share awakening wisdom of our human nature and natures God.
  12. The development project management plan to distinguish what has been done in the past knowledge based management plans. We are always researching and learning how best to communicate our efforts for health, wellness, motivation, and support of our global community for health and prosperity for all.
  13. We are working on the new management of stake holder’s management of our high level profit changes as integration knowledge area for direct management project execution.
  14. Plan scope management will co-create a document that will tell the Project Team will be defined validated and controlled. This is the new process for the entire planned schedule management to share in the world information network knowledge area, of policies, procedures, and planning cost management.

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We will present presentations with our advisers on when to take the exam and why you need to select the ACE Metaphysical Institute for Certifications and re-certifications based on your interest. Please contact us in learning to share the future of our Metaphysical Group Training Matrix.

We have Group request for those who are qualified for the Boot Camp. Submit your resume at no cost to you at Resume Review to TJ Morris dba ACIR and we will give you a qualified opinion over sharing resumes over the last ten plus years with our ACIR for Investigative Reporting on the Social Paranormal Kind.

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We share the ACO as Alien Convention Organization.

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We share our spirituality in our Ascension Center Church Organization. We have shared Radio Shows since June, 2012. We have built a large group of people who believe as we do as “Alien Civilizations Exist!

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Another important aspect of learning about our senses is to become aware of physical handicaps that may cause difficulty for people who do not have access to these senses, though this does not make people different or lesser. These marvelous gifts of sensing the world we live in must be protected and cared for. Without the information we receive through our five senses we could not function as the beings we are. Each sense is important in its own right, but each has limitations.

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We the members of the ACO and ACE ascribe to the highest standards of excellence with regard to the uplifting of humankind by providing spiritual education awareness and CONTINUED research for the communication of truth.

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We share services as private and group counseling, study groups, classes, seminars, workshops with co-created written materials, audio/visual tapes, books-ebooks, and other materials. We share media, news, and publishing.

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We share our Associate Community Online as ACO as a community online practicing skills sharing information and education to those who desire to tune in and share our lives as trusted associates.

Soul Essence – Spiritual Beings. Ascension Center Organization (ACO) – Ascension Center Education (ACE), ACE Nonprofit Inc., ACE Folklife Org, join as associates cooperative is membership driven to share awakened awareness affirmations as a spiritual support membership group community online practicing skills. ACE-ACO-ACIR-Ascension Center Information Resources is a foundation of self-improvement and well-being for emotional, mental, physical, and spiritual well-being.

We believe we are body-mind-spirits sharing the birth-life-death process and that the Ascension Age Affirmations Awakening Awareness are welcoming those who desire to become a part of our ascension spiritual tribe members in our Ascension Age Community. We know alien civilizations exist.

We share the ET Radio with friends who also know of the Cosmos Beings. Ascension ET Spirit is ACE Metaphysical Institute as the ACE Nonprofit Inc. for spiritual growth education and continued research for the communication of truth. Introduction to Metaphysics and Spirituality Classes held weekly Ancient Wisdoms` New Thought Teachings. Essence Origin, Memories, Intelligent Design, Collective Conscious, Unconscious, and Critical Mass Mind. Metaphysical Ministers on Cosmology, Computers, Cyberculture, Science Discoveries, Human Spirit. We are all about being body-mind-spirit sharing the birth-life-death process. Theresa J Morris and her friend Bill M Tracer of ACE and ACO Memphis (Cordova) TN & Gulf Breeze, FL.  Join our Laws of Cosmos Beings in Cosmic Cyberspace. Join us Sundays 9 E, 8C, 7 MT, 6 Pac., 3/2 Hawaii Time in the USA. Central is spring back/Fall forward time. TJ Morris dba ACIR managed by managers of ACO USA- Theresa J Morris, Florida USA.

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By: TJ Thurmond Morris aka Theresa J Morris and TJ Morris dba ACIR

Allowing us to co-create Alien Contact as a new cultural phenomenon is not a pseudoscience but a way of understanding a cultural community in the paranormal world some call an alternative culture.

We share an interest in those who are sharing multi-media as authors of books, ebooks, blogs, websites, speaking on radio shows, television shows, events, conferences that all work together with the connection on the Internet or online presence in social media networks.

Alien contact is a part of our Ascension Center Education process which is a part of our American Cultural Heritage.

At our organization where we support each other’s co-creations online we share as a community online practicing skills.

There are parts of us that honor our body-mind-spirits sharing the birth-life-death process here on planet earth as a responsibility for the critical mass mind thinking concerns project.

We share in what we should forever learn above and below about our own humanoid sentient intelligent being species. We share the responsibility for each other with regard to doing our best not to judge each other but to support each other in our own spiritual soul growth through sharing education as adults.

We share the adult’s continuing education whether one has the funding to return to a formal education, secondary to having to work for a living. We share that we support each other as a social community online in fellowship.

We have co-created websites where we support each other with our own similar interests groups online and annually in person. We do what we can to attend events, and conferences in our area of the country of which we reside. We are more than individuals but accept a challenge for recognizing each other’s web presence.

We share each other’s friendship in social media, especially on Facebook, Twitter, Google, and other locations including our Skype connections for communication. We share our radio shows where we document our stories and shares of our own special alien contact community.

If you are interested in “Alien Contact” please allow us to share with you our own personal situations in life and our stories which become our experiences over time that may or may not be familiar to most on this planet we presently call home.

Life on planet earth is more than we have been led to believe in the past by our academics, our governments, and even our churches. We are now more of an adult species of humanoids who can think for themselves and co-create counter cultures to those which were controlled by those in power over our health and prosperity and sustenance held in suspense for lack of education on how to better accommodate the masses. This is changing now as the world becomes accustomed to the fact that alien civilizations exist and that some aliens contact those not only in space but on earth.

We call these people who have alien contact “Alien Contactees”. Now it is time to understand the various ways we can be contacted not only in our own minds but in person.

This is where some UFO sightings come into play.

ASCENSION PSYCHICS a division of TJ Morris Radio of Cosmos Radio Organization.

Theresa J Morris, Host.

Welcome to the new time in space with TJ Morris I will be sharing more on our TJ Morris RADIO NETWORK. FULL DISCLAIMER: SEE TERMS OF USE which are displayed for all members and non-members as open source information,

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ANU – Family Tree known on earth,

Anu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaThis article is about the Mesopotamian god. For the Irish goddess, see Anu (Irish goddess). For other uses, see Anu (disambiguation).

Anu
Sky Father, King of the Gods, Lord of the Constellations
Ur III Sumerian cuneiform for An (and determinative sign for deities see: DINGIR)
Abode Heaven
Army Deities and Stars
Symbol DINGIR
Personal Information
Consort Uraš (early Sumerian),
Ki (later Sumerian),
Antu (East Semitic)
Children EnlilEnki, Nikikurga, NidabaBaba, in some versions: Inanna
Parents Apsu and Nammu (Sumerian)
Anshar and Kishar (East Semitic)
Greek equivalent Ouranos

 

Part of a series on
Ancient
Mesopotamian religion
Primordial beings[show]
Seven gods who decree[show]
Other major deities[show]
Minor deities[show]
Demigods and heroes[show]
Spirits and monsters[show]
Tales[show]
Related topics
Ancient Near Eastern religions

Sumerian religion

Babylonian religion

Anu (Akkadian: 𒀭𒀭 DAN, Anu‹m›) or An (Sumerian: 𒀭 AN, from 𒀭 an “sky, heaven”)[1] is th

e earliest attested sky-father deity. In Sumerian religion, where he is first known to have been worshiped, he was also “King of the Gods“, “Lord of the ConstellationsSpirits and Demons“, and “Supreme Ruler of the Kingdom of Heaven”, where Anu himself wandered the highest Heavenly Regions. He was believed to have the power to judge those who had committed crimes, and to have created the stars as soldiers to destroy the wicked. His attribute was the Royal Tiara. His attendant and vizier was the god Ilabrat.[1]

Origins

An appears to have originated as the supreme god of the Sumerian pantheon,[1][2] but, by the time that written records began, his cult was already in decline and his position as the chief god of Sumer had already been largely ceded to his son Enlil.[3][4] An’s primary role in the Sumerian pantheon was as an ancestor figure; the most powerful and important deities in the Sumerian pantheon were believed to be the offspring of An and his consort Ki.[2][5][6] These deities were known as the Anunnaki,[7] which means “offspring of An”.[8] Although it is sometimes unclear which deities were considered members of the Anunnaki,[9] the group probably included the “seven gods who decree”:[9] An, Enlil, EnkiNinhursagNannaUtu, and Inanna.[10]

The functions of Anu and Enlil frequently overlapped, especially during later periods as the cult of Anu continued to wane and the cult of Enlil rose to greater prominence.[3][4]

Divine genealogy and syncretisms

The earliest texts make no reference to An’s origins. Later he is regarded as the son of Anšar and Kišar, as in the first millennium creation epic Enūma eliš, also known as the Enuma Elish (Tablet I, 11-14). In early Sumerian texts from the third millennium BC, An’s consort is the goddess Uraš;[2][1] the Sumerians later attributed this role to Ki, the personification of the earth.[2][1] The Sumerians believed that rain was An’s seed[11] and that, when it fell, it impregnated Ki, causing her to give birth to all the vegetation of the land.[11] During the Akkadian Period, Ki was supplanted by Antu, a goddess whose name is probably derived from Anu’s own.[2][1] The Akkadians believed that rain was milk from the clouds,[11] which they believed were Antu’s breasts.[11]

An/Anu frequently receives the epithet “father of the gods,” and many deities are described as his children in one context or another. Inscriptions from third-millennium Lagaš name An as the father of Gatumdug, Baba and Ningirsu. In later literary texts, Adad, Enki/Ea, Enlil, Girra, Nanna/Sin, Nergal and Šara also appear as his sons, while goddesses referred to as his daughters include Inana/Ištar, Nanaya, Nidaba, Ninisinna, Ninkarrak, Ninmug, Ninnibru, Ninsumun, Nungal and Nusku. An/Anu is also the head of the Annunaki, and created the demons Lamaštu, Asag and the Sebettu. In the epic Erra and Išum, Anu gives the Sebettu to Erra as weapons with which to massacre humans when their noise becomes irritating to him (Tablet I, 38ff). An was also sometimes equated with Amurru, and, in Seleucid Uruk, with Enmešara and Dumuzi.

Worship

Part of the front of the temple from Uruk, which was originally dedicated to An, but was later dedicated to Inanna[12]

An’s main cult center was the Eanna temple, whose name means “House of Heaven” (Sumerian: e2-anna; Cuneiform: 𒂍𒀭 E2.AN),[Notes 1] in Uruk.[Notes 2]Although the temple was originally dedicated to An,[12] it was later transformed into the primary cult center of Inanna.[12] After its dedication to Inanna, the temple seems to have housed priestesses of the goddess.[12]

An was believed to be source of all legitimate power; he was the one who bestowed the right to rule upon gods and kings alike.[2][13][1] According to scholar Stephen Bertman, An “…was the supreme source of authority among the gods, and among men, upon whom he conferred kingship. As heaven’s grand patriarch, he dispensed justice and controlled the laws known as the meh that governed the universe.”[13] In inscriptions commemorating his conquest of Sumer, Sargon of Akkad proclaims An and Inanna as the sources of his authority.[13] A hymn from the early second millennium BCE professes that “his utterance ruleth over the obedient company of the gods”.[13]

Although An was a very important deity, his nature was often ambiguous and ill-defined;[2] he almost never appears in Mesopotamian artwork[2] and has no known anthropomorphic iconography.[2] During the Kassite and Neo-Assyrian periods, Anu was represented by a horned cap.[2][13]

Mythology

Sumerian

Sumerian creation myth

Main article: Sumerian creation myth

The main source of information about the Sumerian creation myth is the prologue to the epic poem Gilgamesh, Enkidu, and the Netherworld,[14] which briefly describes the process of creation: originally, there was only Nammu, the primeval sea.[15] Then, Nammu gave birth to An, the sky, and Ki, the earth.[15] An and Ki mated with each other, causing Ki to give birth to Enlil, the god of the wind.[15] Enlil separated An from Ki and carried off the earth as his domain, while An carried off the sky.[16]

In Sumerian, the designation “An” was used interchangeably with “the heavens” so that in some cases it is doubtful whether, under the term, the god An or the heavens is being denoted.[17] In Sumerian cosmogony, heaven was envisioned as a series of three domes covering the flat earth;[18][1] Each of these domes of heaven was believed to be made of a different precious stone.[18] An was believed to be the highest and outermost of these domes, which was thought to be made of reddish stone.[1] Outside of this dome was the primordial body of water known as Nammu.[15]

Inanna and Ebih

Inanna and Ebih, otherwise known as Goddess of the Fearsome Divine Powers, is a 184-line poem written by the Akkadian poetess Enheduanna describing An’s granddaughter Inanna’s confrontation with Mount Ebih, a mountain in the Zagros mountain range.[19] An briefly appears in a scene from the poem in which Inanna petitions him to allow her to destroy Mount Ebih.[19] An warns Inanna not to attack the mountain,[19] but she ignores his warning and proceeds to attack and destroy Mount Ebih regardless.[19]

Inanna Takes Command of Heaven The poem Inanna Takes Command of Heaven is an extremely fragmentary, but important, account of Inanna’s conquest of the Eanna temple in Uruk.[12] It begins with a conversation between Inanna and her brother Utu in which Inanna laments that the Eanna temple is not within their domain and resolves to claim it as her own.[12] The text becomes increasingly fragmentary at this point in the narrative,[12]but appears to describe her difficult passage through a marshland to reach the temple while a fisherman instructs her on which route is best to take.[12] Ultimately, Inanna reaches An, who is shocked by her arrogance, but nevertheless concedes that she has succeeded and that the temple is now her domain.[12] The text ends with a hymn expounding Inanna’s greatness.[12] This myth may represent an eclipse in the authority of the priests of An in Uruk and a transfer of power to the priests of Inanna.[12]

Akkadian

Epic of Gilgamesh

In a scene from the Akkadian Epic of Gilgamesh, Anu’s daughter Ishtar, the East Semitic equivalent to Inanna, attempts to seduce the hero Gilgamesh.[20] When Gilgamesh spurns her advances,[20] Ishtar angrily goes to heaven and tells Anu that Gilgamesh has insulted her.[20] Anu asks her why she is complaining to him instead of confronting Gilgamesh herself.[20] Ishtar demands that Anu give her the Bull of Heaven[20] and swears that if he does not give it to her, she will break down the gates of Irkalla and raise the dead to eat the living.[20] Anu gives Ishtar the Bull of Heaven, and Ishtar sends it to attack Gilgamesh and his friend Enkidu.[21]

Hittite

In Hittite mythology, Anu was believed to have overthrown his father Alalu[22][23] and proclaimed himself ruler of the universe.[22][23] He was later overthrown by his own son Kumarbi;[22][23] Anu attempted to flee, but Kumarbi bit off Anu’s genitals and swallowed them, and banished him to the underworld,[22] along with his allies, the old gods,[24][25] whom the Hittites syncretized with the Anunnaki.[24] As a consequence of swallowing Anu’s genitals, Kumarbi became impregnated with Anu’s son Teshub and four other offspring.[22] Teshub overthrew his father Kumarbi, thus avenging his other father Anu’s overthrow and mutillation.[22] This series of divine coups later became the basis for the Greek creation story described in Hesiod‘s Theogony.[26]

 

Family tree

 

Abzū
                   
             
Mummu Tīama    
 
                   
               
Laḫmu       Laḫamu
       
                   
               
Anšargal       Kišargal
       
   

 

An
                                               

 

 

                                                   
Ninḫursaĝ           Enki
born toNamma
      Ninkikurga
born to Namma
Nidaba
born to Uraš
      Ḫaya      

 

                           
                     

 

Ninsar               Ninlil       Enlil  

 

                 
                                       

 

                       
Ninkurra     Ningal
maybe daughter of Enlil
      Nanna Nergal
maybe son of Enki
Ninurta
maybe born to Ninḫursaĝ
  Baba
born to Uraš
             
                                       
                             
Uttu Inanna
possibly also the daughter of Enki or the daughter of An
  Dumuzid
maybe son of Enki
Utu Ninkigal
married Nergal
   
 
                   
           
Meškiaĝĝašer Lugalbanda       Ninsumun
       
       
Enmerkar Gilgāmeš
   
Urnungal

UFO Conference Schedule

FRIDAY, APRIL 13TH
 8:00am Registration & Vendors Open
 10:15am Welcome
 10:30am-12:00pm Speaker
 12:00pm-1:30pm Lunch Break
 1:30pm-3:00pm Speaker
 3:00pm-3:30pm Break
 3:30pm-5:00pm Speaker
 5:00pm-7:00pm Dinner Break
 7:00pm-9:00pm Speaker – Keynote Speaker
 9:00pm-11:00pm Lone Star Cash Bar Open
SATURDAY, APRIL 14TH
 8:00am Registration & Vendors Open
 8:50am Welcome
 9:00am-10:30am Speaker
 10:30am-11:00am Break
 11:00am-12:30pm Speaker
 12:30pm-2:00pm Lunch Break
 2:00pm-3:30pm Speaker
 3:30pm-4:00pm Break
 4:00pm-6:00pm Speaker – Keynote Speaker
 6:00pm-7:00pm Dinner Break
 7:00pm-9:00pm Speakers Dinner (Ticket Required)
 9:00pm-11:00pm Lone Star Cash Bar Open

 

SUNDAY, APRIL 15TH
 8:00am Registration & Vendors Open
 8:50am Welcome
 9:00am-10:30am Speaker
 10:30am-11:00am Break
 11:00am-1:00pm Investigation Presentation – Awards for Graduates of Workshops
 1:00pm-1:30pm Break / End of Conference
1:30-3:30 pm Annual Meeting for Officers – Committees- New Appointments-Agreements

2 Grand Prize Drawings At 11:00am

3:30-5:00 Post Meeting for body-Mind-spirit – Parapsychology – Integrative Medicine – UFOS & ET Spirit  – Door Prize Drawings Will Be Done Throughout Conference-

DISMISS NLT 5 PM for Clearing Rooms on Contract.

 

Contents Paragraphs Page

PREAMBLE 1-8 3 B. DEFINITIONS 4 C. IMPLEMENTATION 9-12 6 D. GENERAL PROVISIONS 13-15 6 E. GENERAL COMMITMENTS 16-27 6 F. SPECIFIC PRINCIPLES REGARDING THE CONDUCT OF PERSONNEL General Conduct 28 8 Rules for the Use of Force 29 8 Use of Force 30-32 8 Detention 33 8 Apprehending Persons 34 9 Prohibition of Torture or Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 35-37 9 Sexual Exploitation and Abuse or Gender-Based Violence 38 9 Human Trafficking 39 10 Prohibition of Slavery and Forced Labor 40 10 Prohibition on the Worst Forms of Child Labor 41 10 Discrimination 42 10 Identification and Registering 43 10 G. SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS REGARDING MANAGEMENT AND GOVERNANCE Incorporation of the Code into Company Policies 44 11 Selection and Vetting of Personnel 45-49 11 Selection and Vetting of Subcontractors 50-51 12 Company Policies and Personnel Contracts 52-54 12 Training of Personnel 55 12 Management of Weapons 56-58 13 Weapons Training 59 13 Management of Materiel of War 60-62 13 Incident Reporting 63 14 Safe and Healthy Working Environment 64 14 Harassment 65 14 Grievance Procedures 66-68 14 Meeting Liabilities 69 15 H. REVIEW 70 15

 

 

  1. 2 Contents Paragraphs Page A. PREAMBLE 1-8 3 B. DEFINITIONS 4 C. IMPLEMENTATION 9-12 6 D. GENERAL PROVISIONS 13-15 6 E. GENERAL COMMITMENTS 16-27 6 F. SPECIFIC PRINCIPLES REGARDING THE CONDUCT OF PERSONNEL General Conduct 28 8 Rules for the Use of Force 29 8 Use of Force 30-32 8 Detention 33 8 Apprehending Persons 34 9 Prohibition of Torture or Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 35-37 9 Sexual Exploitation and Abuse or Gender-Based Violence 38 9 Human Trafficking 39 10 Prohibition of Slavery and Forced Labour 40 10 Prohibition on the Worst Forms of Child Labour 41 10 Discrimination 42 10 Identification and Registering 43 10 G. SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS REGARDING MANAGEMENT AND GOVERNANCE Incorporation of the Code into Company Policies 44 11 Selection and Vetting of Personnel 45-49 11 Selection and Vetting of Subcontractors 50-51 12 Company Policies and Personnel Contracts 52-54 12 Training of Personnel 55 12 Management of Weapons 56-58 13 Weapons Training 59 13 Management of Materiel of War 60-62 13 Incident Reporting 63 14 Safe and Healthy Working Environment 64 14 Harassment 65 14 Grievance Procedures 66-68 14 Meeting Liabilities 69 15 H. REVIEW 70 15 16. 3 A. PREAMBLE 1. Private Security Companies and other Private Security Service Providers (collectively “PSCs”) play an important role in protecting state and non-state clients engaged in relief, recovery, and reconstruction efforts, commercial business operations, diplomacy and military activity. In providing these services, the activities of PSCs can have potentially positive and negative consequences for their clients, the local population in the area of operation, the general security environment, the enjoyment of human rights and the rule of law. 2. The Montreux Document On Pertinent International Legal Obligations and Good Practices for States Related to Operations of Private Military and Security Companies During Armed Conflict recognizes that well-established rules of international law apply to States in their relations with private security service providers and provides for good practices relating to PSCs. The “Respect, Protect, Remedy” framework developed by the Special Representative of the United Nations (UN) Secretary General on Business and Human Rights, and welcomed by the UN Human Rights Council, entails acting with due diligence to avoid infringing the rights of others. 3. Building on these foundations, the Signatory Companies to this International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers (the “Code”) endorse the principles of the Montreux Document and the aforementioned “Respect, Protect, Remedy” framework as they apply to PSCs. In so doing, the Signatory Companies commit to the responsible provision of Security Services so as to support the rule of law, respect the human rights of all persons, and protect the interests of their clients. 4. The Signatory Companies affirm that they have a responsibility to respect the human rights of, and fulfil humanitarian responsibilities towards, all those affected by their business activities, including Personnel, Clients, suppliers, shareholders, and the population of the area in which services are provided. The Signatory Companies also recognize the importance of respecting the various cultures encountered in their work, as well as the individuals they come into contact with as a result of those activities. 5. The purpose of this Code is to set forth a commonly-agreed set of principles for PSCs and to establish a foundation to translate those principles into related standards as well as governance and oversight mechanisms. 6. Signatory Companies commit to the following, as set forth in this Code: a) to operate in accordance with this Code; b) to operate in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, and in accordance with relevant corporate standards of business conduct; c) to operate in a manner that recognizes and supports the rule of law; respects human rights, and protects the interests of their clients; d) to take steps to establish and maintain an effective internal governance framework in order to deter, monitor, report, and effectively address adverse impacts on human rights; e) to provide a means for responding to and resolving allegations of activity that violates any applicable national or international law or this Code; and f) to cooperate in good faith with national and international authorities exercising proper jurisdiction, in particular with regard to national and international investigations of violations of national and international criminal law, of violations of international humanitarian law, or of human rights abuses. 16. 4 7. Those establishing this Code recognize that this Code acts as a founding instrument for a broader initiative to create better governance, compliance and accountability. Recognizing that further effort is necessary to implement effectively the principles of this Code, Signatory Companies accordingly commit to work with states, other Signatory Companies, Clients and other relevant stakeholders after initial endorsement of this Code to, within 18 months: a) Establish objective and measurable standards for providing Security Services based upon this Code, with the objective of realizing common and internationally-recognized operational and business practice standards; and b) Establish external independent mechanisms for effective governance and oversight, which will include Certification of Signatory Companies’ compliance with the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code, beginning with adequate policies and procedures, Auditing and Monitoring of their work in the field, including Reporting, and execution of a mechanism to address alleged violations of the Code’s principles or the standards derived from the Code; and thereafter to consider the development of additional principles and standards for related services, such as training of external forces, the provision of maritime security services and the participation in operations related to detainees and other protected persons. 8. Signature of this Code is the first step in a process towards full compliance. Signatory Companies need to: (1) establish and/or demonstrate internal processes to meet the requirements of the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code; and (2) once the governance and oversight mechanism is established, become certified by and submit to ongoing independent Auditing and verification by that mechanism. Signatory Companies undertake to be transparent regarding their progress towards implementing the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code. Companies will not claim they are certified under this Code until Certification has been granted by the governance and oversight mechanism as outlined below. B. DEFINITIONS These definitions are only intended to apply exclusively in the context of this Code. Auditing – a process through which independent auditors, accredited by the governance and oversight mechanism, conduct on-site audits, including in the field, on a periodic basis, gathering data to be reported to the governance and oversight mechanism which will in turn verify whether a Company is meeting requirements and if not, what remediation may be required. Certification – a process through which the governance and oversight mechanism will certify that a Company’s systems and policies meet the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code and that a Company is undergoing Monitoring, Auditing, and verification, including in the field, by the governance and oversight mechanism. Certification is one element of a larger effort needed to ensure the credibility of any Implementation and oversight initiative. 16. 5 Client – an entity that hires, has formerly hired, or intends to hire a PSC to perform Security Services on its behalf, including, as appropriate, where such a PSC subcontracts with another Company. Company – any kind of business entity or form, such as a sole proprietorship, partnership, company (whether public or private), or corporation, and “Companies” shall be interpreted accordingly. Competent Authority – any state or intergovernmental organization which has jurisdiction over the activities and/or persons in question and “Competent Authorities” shall be interpreted accordingly. Complex Environments – any areas experiencing or recovering from unrest or instability, whether due to natural disasters or armed conflicts, where the rule of law has been substantially undermined, and in which the capacity of the state authority to handle the situation is diminished, limited, or non-existent. Implementation – the introduction of policy, governance and oversight mechanisms and training of Personnel and/or subcontractors by Signatory Companies, necessary to demonstrate compliance with the Code’s principles and the standards derived from this Code. Monitoring – a process for gathering data on whether Company Personnel, or subcontractors, are operating in compliance with the Code’s principles and standards derived from this Code. Personnel – persons working for a PSC, whether as employees or under a contract, including its staff, managers and directors. For the avoidance of doubt, persons are considered to be personnel if they are connected to a PSC through an employment contract (fixed term, permanent or open-ended) or a contract of assignment (whether renewable or not), or if they are independent contractors, or temporary workers and/or interns (whether paid or unpaid), regardless of the specific designation used by the Company concerned. Private Security Companies and Private Security Service Providers (collectively “PSCs”) – any Company (as defined in this Code) whose business activities include the provision of Security Services either on its own behalf or on behalf of another, irrespective of how such Company describes itself. Reporting – a process covered by necessary confidentiality and nondisclosure arrangements through which companies will submit to a governance and oversight mechanism a written assessment of their performance pursuant to a transparent set of criteria established by the mechanism. Security Services – guarding and protection of persons and objects, such as convoys, facilities, designated sites, property or other places (whether armed or unarmed), or any other activity for which the Personnel of Companies are required to carry or operate a weapon in the performance of their duties. Signatory Companies – are PSCs that have signed and agreed to operate in compliance with the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code and “Signatory Company” shall be interpreted accordingly. 16. 6 C. IMPLEMENTATION 9. In recognition of the additional steps to be taken to support the Implementation of this Code – in particular the development of standards based on the Code (“standards”) and an independent governance and oversight mechanism (“the mechanism”) as outlined in the Preamble – Signatory Companies intend to, along with other interested stakeholders, convene regularly to review progress toward those steps. 10. Upon signature of the Code, Signatory Companies and other stakeholders will undertake to work with national standards bodies as appropriate to develop standards, with the intent that any national standards would eventually be harmonized in an international set of standards based on the Code. 11. Upon signature of the Code, Signatory Companies and other stakeholders will appoint a multi-stakeholder steering committee of 6-9 members who will function as a “temporary board”. This steering committee will be responsible for developing and documenting the initial arrangements for the independent governance and oversight mechanism, including by-laws or a charter which will outline mandate and governing policies for the mechanism. The Steering Committee will endeavour to complete a work plan for constituting the mechanism before the end of March 2011, and further to develop the bylaws/charter by the end of July 2011 and an operational plan before the end of November 2011. 12. After the independent governance and oversight mechanism has been constituted (by the adoption of bylaws/charter), the governance and oversight mechanism shall accept responsibility for maintenance and administration of the Code, and shall determine whether and how it is appropriate for the mechanism and standards to be reflected in the text of the Code itself. D. GENERAL PROVISIONS 13. This Code articulates principles applicable to the actions of Signatory Companies while performing Security Services in Complex Environments. 14. This Code complements and does not replace the control exercised by Competent Authorities, and does not limit or alter applicable international law or relevant national law. The Code itself creates no legal obligations and no legal liabilities on the Signatory Companies, beyond those which already exist under national or international law. Nothing in this Code shall be interpreted as limiting or prejudicing in any way existing or developing rules of international law. 15. This Code may be modified in accordance with procedures to be established by the governance and oversight mechanism. E. GENERAL COMMITMENTS 16. Signatory Companies agree to operate in accordance with the principles contained in this Code. Signatory Companies will require that their Personnel, and all subcontractors or other parties carrying out Security Services under Signatory Company contracts, operate in accordance with the principles contained in this Code. 16. 7 17. Signatory Companies will implement appropriate policies and oversight with the intent that the actions of their Personnel comply at all times with the principles contained herein. 18. Signatory Companies will make compliance with this Code an integral part of contractual agreements with Personnel and subcontractors or other parties carrying out Security Services under their contracts. 19. Signatory Companies will adhere to this Code, even when the Code is not included in a contractual agreement with a Client. 20. Signatory Companies will not knowingly enter into contracts where performance would directly and materially conflict with the principles of this Code, applicable national or international law, or applicable local, regional and international human rights law, and are not excused by any contractual obligation from complying with this Code. To the maximum extent possible, Signatory Companies will interpret and perform contracts in a manner that is consistent with this Code. 21. Signatory Companies will comply, and will require their Personnel to comply, with applicable law which may include international humanitarian law, and human rights law as imposed upon them by applicable national law, as well as all other applicable international and national law. Signatory Companies will exercise due diligence to ensure compliance with the law and with the principles contained in this Code, and will respect the human rights of persons they come into contact with, including, the rights to freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly and against arbitrary or unlawful interference with privacy or deprivation of property. 22. Signatory Companies agree not to contract with, support or service any government, person, or entity in a manner that would be contrary to United Nations Security Council sanctions. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel do not, participate in, encourage, or seek to benefit from any national or international crimes including but not limited to war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, torture, enforced disappearance, forced or compulsory labour, hostage-taking, sexual or gender-based violence, human trafficking, the trafficking of weapons or drugs, child labour or extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions. 23. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel do not, invoke contractual obligations, superior orders or exceptional circumstances such as an armed conflict or an imminent armed conflict, a threat to national or international security, internal political instability, or any other public emergency, as a justification for engaging in any of the conduct identified in paragraph 22 of this Code. 24. Signatory Companies will report, and will require their Personnel to report, known or reasonable suspicion of the commission of any of the acts identified in paragraph 22 of this Code to the Client and one or more of the following: the Competent Authorities in the country where the act took place, the country of nationality of the victim, or the country of nationality of the perpetrator. 25. Signatory Companies will take reasonable steps to ensure that the goods and services they provide are not used to violate human rights law or international humanitarian law, and such goods and services are not derived from such violations. 26. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel do not, consistent with applicable national and international law, promise, offer, or give to any public 16. 8 official, directly or indirectly, anything of value for the public official himself or herself or another person or entity, in order that the public official act or refrain from acting in the exercise of his or her official duties if such inducement is illegal. Signatory Companies will not, and will require their Personnel do not, solicit or accept, directly or indirectly, anything of value in exchange for not complying with national and international law and/or standards, or with the principles contained within this Code. 27. Signatory Companies are responsible for establishing a corporate culture that promotes awareness of and adherence by all Personnel to the principles of this Code. Signatory Companies will require their Personnel to comply with this Code, which will include providing sufficient training to ensure Personnel are capable of doing so. F. SPECIFIC PRINCIPLES REGARDING THE CONDUCT OF PERSONNEL General Conduct 28. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, treat all persons humanely and with respect for their dignity and privacy and will report any breach of this Code. Rules for the Use of Force 29. Signatory Companies will adopt Rules for the Use of Force consistent with applicable law and the minimum requirements contained in the section on Use of Force in this Code and agree those rules with the Client. Use of Force 30. Signatory Companies will require their Personnel to take all reasonable steps to avoid the use of force. If force is used, it shall be in a manner consistent with applicable law. In no case shall the use of force exceed what is strictly necessary, and should be proportionate to the threat and appropriate to the situation. 31. Signatory Companies will require that their Personnel not use firearms against persons except in self-defence or defence of others against the imminent threat of death or serious injury, or to prevent the perpetration of a particularly serious crime involving grave threat to life. 32. To the extent that Personnel are formally authorized to assist in the exercise of a state’s law enforcement authority, Signatory Companies will require that their use of force or weapons will comply with all national and international obligations applicable to regular law enforcement officials of that state and, as a minimum, with the standards expressed in the United Nations Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials (1990). Detention 33. Signatory Companies will only, and will require their Personnel will only, guard, transport, or question detainees if: (a) the Company has been specifically contracted to do so by a state; and (b) its Personnel are trained in the applicable national and international law. Signatory Companies will, and will require that their Personnel, treat all detained persons humanely and consistent with their status and protections under applicable human rights law or international humanitarian law, including in 16. 9 particular prohibitions on torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Apprehending Persons 34. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, not take or hold any persons except when apprehending persons to defend themselves or others against an imminent threat of violence, or following an attack or crime committed by such persons against Company Personnel, or against clients or property under their protection, pending the handover of such detained persons to the Competent Authority at the earliest opportunity. Any such apprehension must be consistent with applicable national or international law and be reported to the Client without delay. Signatory Companies will, and will require that their Personnel to, treat all apprehended persons humanely and consistent with their status and protections under applicable human rights law or international humanitarian law, including in particular prohibitions on torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Prohibition of Torture or Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 35. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel not, engage in torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. For the avoidance of doubt, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, as referred to here, includes conduct by a private entity which would constitute torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment if committed by a public official. 36. Contractual obligations, superior orders or exceptional circumstances such as an armed conflict or an imminent armed conflict, a threat to national or international security, internal political instability, or any other public emergency, can never be a justification for engaging in torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. 37. Signatory Companies will, and will require that their Personnel, report any acts of torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, known to them, or of which they have reasonable suspicion. Such reports will be made to the Client and one or more of the following: the competent authorities in the country where the acts took place, the country of nationality of the victim, or the country of nationality of the perpetrator. Sexual Exploitation and Abuse or Gender-Based Violence 38. Signatory Companies will not benefit from, nor allow their Personnel to engage in or benefit from, sexual exploitation (including, for these purposes, prostitution) and abuse or gender-based violence or crimes, either within the Company or externally, including rape, sexual harassment, or any other form of sexual abuse or violence. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, remain vigilant for all instances of sexual or gender-based violence and, where discovered, report such instances to competent authorities. 16. 10 Human Trafficking 39. Signatory Companies will not, and will require their Personnel not to, engage in trafficking in persons. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, remain vigilant for all instances of trafficking in persons and, where discovered, report such instances to Competent Authorities. For the purposes of this Code, human trafficking is the recruitment, harbouring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for (1) a commercial sex act induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or (2) labour or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, debt bondage, or slavery. Prohibition of Slavery and Forced Labour 40. Signatory Companies will not use slavery, forced or compulsory labour, or be complicit in any other entity’s use of such labour. Prohibition on the Worst Forms of Child Labour 41. Signatory Companies will respect the rights of children (anyone under the age of 18) to be protected from the worst forms of child labour, including: a) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labour, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in provision of armed services; b) the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances; c) the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs; d) work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, report any instances of the activities referenced above that they know of, or have reasonable suspicion of, to Competent Authorities. Discrimination 42. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel do not, discriminate on grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, social origin, social status, indigenous status, disability, or sexual orientation when hiring Personnel and will select Personnel on the basis of the inherent requirements of the contract. Identification and Registering 43. Signatory Companies, to the extent consistent with reasonable security requirements and the safety of civilians, their Personnel and Clients, will: a) require all Personnel to be individually identifiable whenever they are carrying out activities in discharge of their contractual responsibilities; 16. 11 b) ensure that their vehicles are registered and licensed with the relevant national authorities whenever they are carrying out activities in discharge of their contractual responsibilities; and c) will ensure that all hazardous materials are registered and licensed with the relevant national authorities. G. SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS REGARDING MANAGEMENT AND GOVERNANCE Incorporation of the Code into Company Policies 44. Signatory Companies will incorporate this Code into Company policies and internal control and compliance systems and integrate it into all relevant elements of their operations. Selection and Vetting of Personnel 45. Signatory Companies will exercise due diligence in the selection of Personnel, including verifiable vetting and ongoing performance review of their Personnel. Signatory Companies will only hire individuals with the requisite qualifications as defined by the applicable contract, applicable national law and industry standards, and the principles contained in this Code. 46. Signatory Companies will not hire individuals under the age of 18 years to carry out Security Services. 47. Signatory Companies will assess and ensure the continued ability of Personnel to perform their duties in accordance with the principles of this Code and will regularly evaluate Personnel to ensure that they meet appropriate physical and mental fitness standards to perform their contracted duties. 48. Signatory Companies will establish and maintain internal policies and procedures to determine the suitability of applicants, or Personnel, to carry weapons as part of their duties. At a minimum, this will include checks that they have not: a) been convicted of a crime that would indicate that the individual lacks the character and fitness to perform security services pursuant to the principles of this Code; b) been dishonourably discharged; c) had other employment or engagement contracts terminated for documented violations of one or more of the principles contained in this Code; or d) had a history of other conduct that, according to an objectively reasonable standard, brings into question their fitness to carry a weapon. For the purposes of this paragraph, disqualifying crimes may include, but are not limited to, battery, murder, arson, fraud, rape, sexual abuse, organized crime, bribery, corruption, perjury, torture, kidnapping, drug trafficking or trafficking in persons. This provision shall not override any law restricting whether a crime may be considered in evaluating an applicant. Nothing in this section would prohibit a Company from utilizing more stringent criteria. 49. Signatory Companies will require all applicants to authorize access to prior employment records and available Government records as a condition for employment or engagement. This includes records relating to posts held with the 16. 12 military, police or public or Private Security Providers. Moreover, Signatory Companies will, consistent with applicable national law, require all Personnel to agree to participate in internal investigations and disciplinary procedures as well as in any public investigations conducted by competent authorities, except where prohibited by law. Selection and Vetting of Subcontractors 50. Signatory Companies will exercise due diligence in the selection, vetting and ongoing performance review of all subcontractors performing Security Services. 51. In accordance with principle 13 of this Code, Signatory Companies will require that their Personnel and all subcontractors and other parties carrying out Security Services under the contract, operate in accordance with the principles contained in this Code and the standards derived from the Code. If a Company contracts with an individual or any other group or entity to perform Security Services, and that individual or group is not able to fulfil the selection, vetting and training principles contained in this Code and the standards derived from the Code, the contracting Company will take reasonable and appropriate steps to ensure that all selection, vetting and training of subcontractor’s Personnel is conducted in accordance with the principles contained in this Code and the standards derived from the Code. Company Policies and Personnel Contracts 52. Signatory Companies will ensure that their policies on the nature and scope of services they provide, on hiring of Personnel and other relevant Personnel reference materials such as Personnel contracts include appropriate incorporation of this Code and relevant and applicable labour laws. Contract terms and conditions will be clearly communicated and available in a written form to all Personnel in a format and language that is accessible to them. 53. Signatory Companies will keep employment and service records and reports on all past and present personnel for a period of 7 (seven) years. Signatory Companies will require all Personnel to authorize the access to, and retention of, employment records and available Government records, except where prohibited by law. Such records will be made available to any compliance mechanism established pursuant to this Code or Competent Authority on request, except where prohibited by law. 54. Signatory Companies will only hold passports, other travel documents, or other identification documents of their Personnel for the shortest period of time reasonable for administrative processing or other legitimate purposes. This paragraph does not prevent a Company from co-operating with law enforcement authorities in the event that a member of their Personnel is under investigation. Training of Personnel 55. Signatory Companies will ensure that all Personnel performing Security Services receive initial and recurrent professional training and are also fully aware of this Code and all applicable international and relevant national laws, including those pertaining to international human rights, international humanitarian law, international criminal law and other relevant criminal law. Signatory Companies will maintain records adequate to demonstrate attendance and results from all professional training sessions, including from practical exercises. 16. 13 Management of Weapons 56. Signatory Companies will acquire and maintain authorizations for the possession and use of any weapons and ammunition required by applicable law. 57. Signatory Companies will neither, and will require that their Personnel do not, possess nor use weapons or ammunition which are illegal under any applicable law. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel not, engage in any illegal weapons transfers and will conduct any weapons transactions in accordance with applicable laws and UN Security Council requirements, including sanctions. Weapons and ammunition will not be altered in any way that contravenes applicable national or international law. 58. Signatory Company policies or procedures for management of weapons and ammunitions should include: a) secure storage; b) controls over their issue; c) records regarding to whom and when weapons are issued; d) identification and accounting of all ammunition; and e) verifiable and proper disposal. Weapons Training 59. Signatory Companies will require that: a) Personnel who are to carry weapons will be granted authorization to do so only on completion or verification of appropriate training with regard to the type and model of weapon they will carry. Personnel will not operate with a weapon until they have successfully completed weapon-specific training. b) Personnel carrying weapons must receive regular, verifiable and recurrent training specific to the weapons they carry and rules for the use of force. c) Personnel carrying weapons must receive appropriate training in regard to rules on the use of force. This training may be based on a variety of relevant standards, but should be based at a minimum on the principles contained in this Code and the UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials (1990), and national laws or regulations in effect in the area duties will be performed. Management of Materiel of War 60. Signatory Companies will, and will require that their Personnel to, acquire and maintain all authorizations for the possession and use of any materiel of war, e.g. hazardous materials and munitions, as required by applicable law. 61. Signatory Companies will neither, and will require that their Personnel will neither, possess nor use any materiel of war, e.g. hazardous materials and munitions, which are illegal under any applicable law. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel not engage in any illegal material transfers and will conduct any materiel of war transactions in accordance with applicable laws and UN Security Council requirements, including sanctions. 62. Signatory Company policies or procedures for management of materiel of war, e.g. hazardous materials and munitions, should include: a) secure storage; 16. 14 b) controls over their issue; c) records regarding to whom and when materials are issued; and d) proper disposal procedures. Incident Reporting 63. Signatory Companies will prepare an incident report documenting any incident involving its Personnel that involves the use of any weapon, which includes the firing of weapons under any circumstance (except authorized training), any escalation of force, damage to equipment or injury to persons, attacks, criminal acts, traffic accidents, incidents involving other security forces, or such reporting as otherwise required by the Client, and will conduct an internal inquiry in order to determine the following: a) time and location of the incident; b) identity and nationality of any persons involved including their addresses and other contact details; c) injuries/damage sustained; d) circumstances leading up to the incident; and e) any measures taken by the Signatory Company in response to it. Upon completion of the inquiry, the Signatory Company will produce in writing an incident report including the above information, copies of which will be provided to the Client and, to the extent required by law, to the Competent Authorities. Safe and Healthy Working Environment 64. Signatory Companies will strive to provide a safe and healthy working environment, recognizing the possible inherent dangers and limitations presented by the local environment. Signatory Companies will ensure that reasonable precautions are taken to protect relevant staff in high-risk or life-threatening operations. These will include: a) assessing risks of injury to Personnel as well as the risks to the local population generated by the activities of Signatory Companies and/or Personnel; b) providing hostile environment training; c) providing adequate protective equipment, appropriate weapons and ammunition, and medical support; and d) adopting policies which support a safe and healthy working environment within the Company, such as policies which address psychological health, deter work-place violence, misconduct, alcohol and drug abuse, sexual harassment and other improper behaviour. Harassment 65. Signatory Companies will not tolerate harassment and abuse of co-workers by their Personnel. Grievance Procedures 66. Signatory Companies will establish grievance procedures to address claims alleging failure by the Company to respect the principles contained in this Code brought by Personnel or by third parties. 16. 15 67. Signatory Companies will: a) establish procedures for their Personnel and for third parties to report allegations of improper and/or illegal conduct to designated Personnel, including such acts or omissions that would violate the principles contained in this Code. Procedures must be fair, accessible and offer effective remedies, including recommendations for the prevention of recurrence. They shall also facilitate reporting by persons with reason to believe that improper or illegal conduct, or a violation of this Code, has occurred or is about to occur, of such conduct, to designated individuals within a Company and, where appropriate, to competent authorities; b) publish details of their grievance mechanism on a publically accessible website; c) investigate allegations promptly, impartially and with due consideration to confidentiality; d) keep records about any such allegations, findings or disciplinary measures. Except where prohibited or protected by applicable law, such records should be made available to a Competent Authority on request; e) cooperate with official investigations, and not participate in or tolerate from their Personnel, the impeding of witnesses, testimony or investigations; f) take appropriate disciplinary action, which could include termination of employment in case of a finding of such violations or unlawful behaviour; and g) ensure that their Personnel who report wrongdoings in good faith are provided protection against any retaliation for making such reports, such as shielding them from unwarranted or otherwise inappropriate disciplinary measures, and that matters raised are examined and acted upon without undue delay. 68. No provision in this Code should be interpreted as replacing any contractual requirements or specific Company policies or procedures for reporting wrongdoing. Meeting Liabilities 69. Signatory Companies will ensure that they have sufficient financial capacity in place at all times to meet reasonably anticipated commercial liabilities for damages to any person in respect of personal injury, death or damage to property. Sufficient financial capacity may be met by customer commitments, adequate insurance coverage, (such as by employer’s liability and public liability coverage appropriately sized for the scale and scope of operations of the Signatory Company) or self insurance/retention. Where it is not possible to obtain suitable insurance cover, the Signatory Company will make alternative arrangements to ensure that it is able to meet such liabilities. H. REVIEW 70. The Swiss Government will maintain a public list of Signatory Companies and convene an initial review conference with a view to reviewing the Code after governance and oversight mechanisms (as referenced in the Preamble and Section C “Implementation” to this Code) are developed.

 

THE CODE

  1. 2 Contents Paragraphs Page A. PREAMBLE 1-8 3 B. DEFINITIONS 4 C. IMPLEMENTATION 9-12 6 D. GENERAL PROVISIONS 13-15 6 E. GENERAL COMMITMENTS 16-27 6 F. SPECIFIC PRINCIPLES REGARDING THE CONDUCT OF PERSONNEL General Conduct 28 8 Rules for the Use of Force 29 8 Use of Force 30-32 8 Detention 33 8 Apprehending Persons 34 9 Prohibition of Torture or Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 35-37 9 Sexual Exploitation and Abuse or Gender-Based Violence 38 9 Human Trafficking 39 10 Prohibition of Slavery and Forced Labour 40 10 Prohibition on the Worst Forms of Child Labour 41 10 Discrimination 42 10 Identification and Registering 43 10 G. SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS REGARDING MANAGEMENT AND GOVERNANCE Incorporation of the Code into Company Policies 44 11 Selection and Vetting of Personnel 45-49 11 Selection and Vetting of Subcontractors 50-51 12 Company Policies and Personnel Contracts 52-54 12 Training of Personnel 55 12 Management of Weapons 56-58 13 Weapons Training 59 13 Management of Materiel of War 60-62 13 Incident Reporting 63 14 Safe and Healthy Working Environment 64 14 Harassment 65 14 Grievance Procedures 66-68 14 Meeting Liabilities 69 15 H. REVIEW 70 15 16. 3 A. PREAMBLE 1. Private Security Companies and other Private Security Service Providers (collectively “PSCs”) play an important role in protecting state and non-state clients engaged in relief, recovery, and reconstruction efforts, commercial business operations, diplomacy and military activity. In providing these services, the activities of PSCs can have potentially positive and negative consequences for their clients, the local population in the area of operation, the general security environment, the enjoyment of human rights and the rule of law. 2. The Montreux Document On Pertinent International Legal Obligations and Good Practices for States Related to Operations of Private Military and Security Companies During Armed Conflict recognizes that well-established rules of international law apply to States in their relations with private security service providers and provides for good practices relating to PSCs. The “Respect, Protect, Remedy” framework developed by the Special Representative of the United Nations (UN) SecretaryGeneral on Business and Human Rights, and welcomed by the UN Human Rights Council, entails acting with due diligence to avoid infringing the rights of others. 3. Building on these foundations, the Signatory Companies to this International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers (the “Code”) endorse the principles of the Montreux Document and the aforementioned “Respect, Protect, Remedy” framework as they apply to PSCs. In so doing, the Signatory Companies commit to the responsible provision of Security Services so as to support the rule of law, respect the human rights of all persons, and protect the interests of their clients. 4. The Signatory Companies affirm that they have a responsibility to respect the human rights of, and fulfil humanitarian responsibilities towards, all those affected by their business activities, including Personnel, Clients, suppliers, shareholders, and the population of the area in which services are provided. The Signatory Companies also recognize the importance of respecting the various cultures encountered in their work, as well as the individuals they come into contact with as a result of those activities. 5. The purpose of this Code is to set forth a commonly-agreed set of principles for PSCs and to establish a foundation to translate those principles into related standards as well as governance and oversight mechanisms. 6. Signatory Companies commit to the following, as set forth in this Code: a) to operate in accordance with this Code; b) to operate in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, and in accordance with relevant corporate standards of business conduct; c) to operate in a manner that recognizes and supports the rule of law; respects human rights, and protects the interests of their clients; d) to take steps to establish and maintain an effective internal governance framework in order to deter, monitor, report, and effectively address adverse impacts on human rights; e) to provide a means for responding to and resolving allegations of activity that violates any applicable national or international law or this Code; and f) to cooperate in good faith with national and international authorities exercising proper jurisdiction, in particular with regard to national and international investigations of violations of national and international criminal law, of violations of international humanitarian law, or of human rights abuses. 16. 4 7. Those establishing this Code recognize that this Code acts as a founding instrument for a broader initiative to create better governance, compliance and accountability. Recognizing that further effort is necessary to implement effectively the principles of this Code, Signatory Companies accordingly commit to work with states, other Signatory Companies, Clients and other relevant stakeholders after initial endorsement of this Code to, within 18 months: a) Establish objective and measurable standards for providing Security Services based upon this Code, with the objective of realizing common and internationally-recognized operational and business practice standards; and b) Establish external independent mechanisms for effective governance and oversight, which will include Certification of Signatory Companies’ compliance with the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code, beginning with adequate policies and procedures, Auditing and Monitoring of their work in the field, including Reporting, and execution of a mechanism to address alleged violations of the Code’s principles or the standards derived from the Code; and thereafter to consider the development of additional principles and standards for related services, such as training of external forces, the provision of maritime security services and the participation in operations related to detainees and other protected persons. 8. Signature of this Code is the first step in a process towards full compliance. Signatory Companies need to: (1) establish and/or demonstrate internal processes to meet the requirements of the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code; and (2) once the governance and oversight mechanism is established, become certified by and submit to ongoing independent Auditing and verification by that mechanism. Signatory Companies undertake to be transparent regarding their progress towards implementing the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code. Companies will not claim they are certified under this Code until Certification has been granted by the governance and oversight mechanism as outlined below. B. DEFINITIONS These definitions are only intended to apply exclusively in the context of this Code. Auditing – a process through which independent auditors, accredited by the governance and oversight mechanism, conduct on-site audits, including in the field, on a periodic basis, gathering data to be reported to the governance and oversight mechanism which will in turn verify whether a Company is meeting requirements and if not, what remediation may be required. Certification – a process through which the governance and oversight mechanism will certify that a Company’s systems and policies meet the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code and that a Company is undergoing Monitoring, Auditing, and verification, including in the field, by the governance and oversight mechanism. Certification is one element of a larger effort needed to ensure the credibility of any Implementation and oversight initiative. 16. 5 Client – an entity that hires, has formerly hired, or intends to hire a PSC to perform Security Services on its behalf, including, as appropriate, where such a PSC subcontracts with another Company. Company – any kind of business entity or form, such as a sole proprietorship, partnership, company (whether public or private), or corporation, and “Companies” shall be interpreted accordingly. Competent Authority – any state or intergovernmental organization which has jurisdiction over the activities and/or persons in question and “Competent Authorities” shall be interpreted accordingly. Complex Environments – any areas experiencing or recovering from unrest or instability, whether due to natural disasters or armed conflicts, where the rule of law has been substantially undermined, and in which the capacity of the state authority to handle the situation is diminished, limited, or non-existent. Implementation – the introduction of policy, governance and oversight mechanisms and training of Personnel and/or subcontractors by Signatory Companies, necessary to demonstrate compliance with the Code’s principles and the standards derived from this Code. Monitoring – a process for gathering data on whether Company Personnel, or subcontractors, are operating in compliance with the Code’s principles and standards derived from this Code. Personnel – persons working for a PSC, whether as employees or under a contract, including its staff, managers and directors. For the avoidance of doubt, persons are considered to be personnel if they are connected to a PSC through an employment contract (fixed term, permanent or open-ended) or a contract of assignment (whether renewable or not), or if they are independent contractors, or temporary workers and/or interns (whether paid or unpaid), regardless of the specific designation used by the Company concerned. Private Security Companies and Private Security Service Providers (collectively “PSCs”) – any Company (as defined in this Code) whose business activities include the provision of Security Services either on its own behalf or on behalf of another, irrespective of how such Company describes itself. Reporting – a process covered by necessary confidentiality and nondisclosure arrangements through which companies will submit to a governance and oversight mechanism a written assessment of their performance pursuant to a transparent set of criteria established by the mechanism. Security Services – guarding and protection of persons and objects, such as convoys, facilities, designated sites, property or other places (whether armed or unarmed), or any other activity for which the Personnel of Companies are required to carry or operate a weapon in the performance of their duties. Signatory Companies – are PSCs that have signed and agreed to operate in compliance with the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code and “Signatory Company” shall be interpreted accordingly. 16. 6 C. IMPLEMENTATION 9. In recognition of the additional steps to be taken to support the Implementation of this Code – in particular the development of standards based on the Code (“standards”) and an independent governance and oversight mechanism (“the mechanism”) as outlined in the Preamble – Signatory Companies intend to, along with other interested stakeholders, convene regularly to review progress toward those steps. 10. Upon signature of the Code, Signatory Companies and other stakeholders will undertake to work with national standards bodies as appropriate to develop standards, with the intent that any national standards would eventually be harmonized in an international set of standards based on the Code. 11. Upon signature of the Code, Signatory Companies and other stakeholders will appoint a multi-stakeholder steering committee of 6-9 members who will function as a “temporary board”. This steering committee will be responsible for developing and documenting the initial arrangements for the independent governance and oversight mechanism, including by-laws or a charter which will outline mandate and governing policies for the mechanism. The Steering Committee will endeavour to complete a work plan for constituting the mechanism before the end of March 2011, and further to develop the bylaws/charter by the end of July 2011 and an operational plan before the end of November 2011. 12. After the independent governance and oversight mechanism has been constituted (by the adoption of bylaws/charter), the governance and oversight mechanism shall accept responsibility for maintenance and administration of the Code, and shall determine whether and how it is appropriate for the mechanism and standards to be reflected in the text of the Code itself. D. GENERAL PROVISIONS 13. This Code articulates principles applicable to the actions of Signatory Companies while performing Security Services in Complex Environments. 14. This Code complements and does not replace the control exercised by Competent Authorities, and does not limit or alter applicable international law or relevant national law. The Code itself creates no legal obligations and no legal liabilities on the Signatory Companies, beyond those which already exist under national or international law. Nothing in this Code shall be interpreted as limiting or prejudicing in any way existing or developing rules of international law. 15. This Code may be modified in accordance with procedures to be established by the governance and oversight mechanism. E. GENERAL COMMITMENTS 16. Signatory Companies agree to operate in accordance with the principles contained in this Code. Signatory Companies will require that their Personnel, and all subcontractors or other parties carrying out Security Services under Signatory Company contracts, operate in accordance with the principles contained in this Code. 16. 7 17. Signatory Companies will implement appropriate policies and oversight with the intent that the actions of their Personnel comply at all times with the principles contained herein. 18. Signatory Companies will make compliance with this Code an integral part of contractual agreements with Personnel and subcontractors or other parties carrying out Security Services under their contracts. 19. Signatory Companies will adhere to this Code, even when the Code is not included in a contractual agreement with a Client. 20. Signatory Companies will not knowingly enter into contracts where performance would directly and materially conflict with the principles of this Code, applicable national or international law, or applicable local, regional and international human rights law, and are not excused by any contractual obligation from complying with this Code. To the maximum extent possible, Signatory Companies will interpret and perform contracts in a manner that is consistent with this Code. 21. Signatory Companies will comply, and will require their Personnel to comply, with applicable law which may include international humanitarian law, and human rights law as imposed upon them by applicable national law, as well as all other applicable international and national law. Signatory Companies will exercise due diligence to ensure compliance with the law and with the principles contained in this Code, and will respect the human rights of persons they come into contact with, including, the rights to freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly and against arbitrary or unlawful interference with privacy or deprivation of property. 22. Signatory Companies agree not to contract with, support or service any government, person, or entity in a manner that would be contrary to United Nations Security Council sanctions. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel do not, participate in, encourage, or seek to benefit from any national or international crimes including but not limited to war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, torture, enforced disappearance, forced or compulsory labour, hostage-taking, sexual or gender-based violence, human trafficking, the trafficking of weapons or drugs, child labour or extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions. 23. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel do not, invoke contractual obligations, superior orders or exceptional circumstances such as an armed conflict or an imminent armed conflict, a threat to national or international security, internal political instability, or any other public emergency, as a justification for engaging in any of the conduct identified in paragraph 22 of this Code. 24. Signatory Companies will report, and will require their Personnel to report, known or reasonable suspicion of the commission of any of the acts identified in paragraph 22 of this Code to the Client and one or more of the following: the Competent Authorities in the country where the act took place, the country of nationality of the victim, or the country of nationality of the perpetrator. 25. Signatory Companies will take reasonable steps to ensure that the goods and services they provide are not used to violate human rights law or international humanitarian law, and such goods and services are not derived from such violations. 26. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel do not, consistent with applicable national and international law, promise, offer, or give to any public 16. 8 official, directly or indirectly, anything of value for the public official himself or herself or another person or entity, in order that the public official act or refrain from acting in the exercise of his or her official duties if such inducement is illegal. Signatory Companies will not, and will require their Personnel do not, solicit or accept, directly or indirectly, anything of value in exchange for not complying with national and international law and/or standards, or with the principles contained within this Code. 27. Signatory Companies are responsible for establishing a corporate culture that promotes awareness of and adherence by all Personnel to the principles of this Code. Signatory Companies will require their Personnel to comply with this Code, which will include providing sufficient training to ensure Personnel are capable of doing so. F. SPECIFIC PRINCIPLES REGARDING THE CONDUCT OF PERSONNEL General Conduct 28. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, treat all persons humanely and with respect for their dignity and privacy and will report any breach of this Code. Rules for the Use of Force 29. Signatory Companies will adopt Rules for the Use of Force consistent with applicable law and the minimum requirements contained in the section on Use of Force in this Code and agree those rules with the Client. Use of Force 30. Signatory Companies will require their Personnel to take all reasonable steps to avoid the use of force. If force is used, it shall be in a manner consistent with applicable law. In no case shall the use of force exceed what is strictly necessary, and should be proportionate to the threat and appropriate to the situation. 31. Signatory Companies will require that their Personnel not use firearms against persons except in self-defence or defence of others against the imminent threat of death or serious injury, or to prevent the perpetration of a particularly serious crime involving grave threat to life. 32. To the extent that Personnel are formally authorized to assist in the exercise of a state’s law enforcement authority, Signatory Companies will require that their use of force or weapons will comply with all national and international obligations applicable to regular law enforcement officials of that state and, as a minimum, with the standards expressed in the United Nations Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials (1990). Detention 33. Signatory Companies will only, and will require their Personnel will only, guard, transport, or question detainees if: (a) the Company has been specifically contracted to do so by a state; and (b) its Personnel are trained in the applicable national and international law. Signatory Companies will, and will require that their Personnel, treat all detained persons humanely and consistent with their status and protections under applicable human rights law or international humanitarian law, including in 16. 9 particular prohibitions on torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Apprehending Persons 34. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, not take or hold any persons except when apprehending persons to defend themselves or others against an imminent threat of violence, or following an attack or crime committed by such persons against Company Personnel, or against clients or property under their protection, pending the handover of such detained persons to the Competent Authority at the earliest opportunity. Any such apprehension must be consistent with applicable national or international law and be reported to the Client without delay. Signatory Companies will, and will require that their Personnel to, treat all apprehended persons humanely and consistent with their status and protections under applicable human rights law or international humanitarian law, including in particular prohibitions on torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Prohibition of Torture or Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 35. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel not, engage in torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. For the avoidance of doubt, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, as referred to here, includes conduct by a private entity which would constitute torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment if committed by a public official. 36. Contractual obligations, superior orders or exceptional circumstances such as an armed conflict or an imminent armed conflict, a threat to national or international security, internal political instability, or any other public emergency, can never be a justification for engaging in torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. 37. Signatory Companies will, and will require that their Personnel, report any acts of torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, known to them, or of which they have reasonable suspicion. Such reports will be made to the Client and one or more of the following: the competent authorities in the country where the acts took place, the country of nationality of the victim, or the country of nationality of the perpetrator. Sexual Exploitation and Abuse or Gender-Based Violence 38. Signatory Companies will not benefit from, nor allow their Personnel to engage in or benefit from, sexual exploitation (including, for these purposes, prostitution) and abuse or gender-based violence or crimes, either within the Company or externally, including rape, sexual harassment, or any other form of sexual abuse or violence. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, remain vigilant for all instances of sexual or gender-based violence and, where discovered, report such instances to competent authorities. 16. 10 Human Trafficking 39. Signatory Companies will not, and will require their Personnel not to, engage in trafficking in persons. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, remain vigilant for all instances of trafficking in persons and, where discovered, report such instances to Competent Authorities. For the purposes of this Code, human trafficking is the recruitment, harbouring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for (1) a commercial sex act induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or (2) labour or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, debt bondage, or slavery. Prohibition of Slavery and Forced Labour 40. Signatory Companies will not use slavery, forced or compulsory labour, or be complicit in any other entity’s use of such labour. Prohibition on the Worst Forms of Child Labour 41. Signatory Companies will respect the rights of children (anyone under the age of 18) to be protected from the worst forms of child labour, including: a) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labour, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in provision of armed services; b) the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances; c) the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs; d) work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, report any instances of the activities referenced above that they know of, or have reasonable suspicion of, to Competent Authorities. Discrimination 42. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel do not, discriminate on grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, social origin, social status, indigenous status, disability, or sexual orientation when hiring Personnel and will select Personnel on the basis of the inherent requirements of the contract. Identification and Registering 43. Signatory Companies, to the extent consistent with reasonable security requirements and the safety of civilians, their Personnel and Clients, will: a) require all Personnel to be individually identifiable whenever they are carrying out activities in discharge of their contractual responsibilities; 16. 11 b) ensure that their vehicles are registered and licensed with the relevant national authorities whenever they are carrying out activities in discharge of their contractual responsibilities; and c) will ensure that all hazardous materials are registered and licensed with the relevant national authorities. G. SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS REGARDING MANAGEMENT AND GOVERNANCE Incorporation of the Code into Company Policies 44. Signatory Companies will incorporate this Code into Company policies and internal control and compliance systems and integrate it into all relevant elements of their operations. Selection and Vetting of Personnel 45. Signatory Companies will exercise due diligence in the selection of Personnel, including verifiable vetting and ongoing performance review of their Personnel. Signatory Companies will only hire individuals with the requisite qualifications as defined by the applicable contract, applicable national law and industry standards, and the principles contained in this Code. 46. Signatory Companies will not hire individuals under the age of 18 years to carry out Security Services. 47. Signatory Companies will assess and ensure the continued ability of Personnel to perform their duties in accordance with the principles of this Code and will regularly evaluate Personnel to ensure that they meet appropriate physical and mental fitness standards to perform their contracted duties. 48. Signatory Companies will establish and maintain internal policies and procedures to determine the suitability of applicants, or Personnel, to carry weapons as part of their duties. At a minimum, this will include checks that they have not: a) been convicted of a crime that would indicate that the individual lacks the character and fitness to perform security services pursuant to the principles of this Code; b) been dishonourably discharged; c) had other employment or engagement contracts terminated for documented violations of one or more of the principles contained in this Code; or d) had a history of other conduct that, according to an objectively reasonable standard, brings into question their fitness to carry a weapon. For the purposes of this paragraph, disqualifying crimes may include, but are not limited to, battery, murder, arson, fraud, rape, sexual abuse, organized crime, bribery, corruption, perjury, torture, kidnapping, drug trafficking or trafficking in persons. This provision shall not override any law restricting whether a crime may be considered in evaluating an applicant. Nothing in this section would prohibit a Company from utilizing more stringent criteria. 49. Signatory Companies will require all applicants to authorize access to prior employment records and available Government records as a condition for employment or engagement. This includes records relating to posts held with the 16. 12 military, police or public or Private Security Providers. Moreover, Signatory Companies will, consistent with applicable national law, require all Personnel to agree to participate in internal investigations and disciplinary procedures as well as in any public investigations conducted by competent authorities, except where prohibited by law. Selection and Vetting of Subcontractors 50. Signatory Companies will exercise due diligence in the selection, vetting and ongoing performance review of all subcontractors performing Security Services. 51. In accordance with principle 13 of this Code, Signatory Companies will require that their Personnel and all subcontractors and other parties carrying out Security Services under the contract, operate in accordance with the principles contained in this Code and the standards derived from the Code. If a Company contracts with an individual or any other group or entity to perform Security Services, and that individual or group is not able to fulfil the selection, vetting and training principles contained in this Code and the standards derived from the Code, the contracting Company will take reasonable and appropriate steps to ensure that all selection, vetting and training of subcontractor’s Personnel is conducted in accordance with the principles contained in this Code and the standards derived from the Code. Company Policies and Personnel Contracts 52. Signatory Companies will ensure that their policies on the nature and scope of services they provide, on hiring of Personnel and other relevant Personnel reference materials such as Personnel contracts include appropriate incorporation of this Code and relevant and applicable labour laws. Contract terms and conditions will be clearly communicated and available in a written form to all Personnel in a format and language that is accessible to them. 53. Signatory Companies will keep employment and service records and reports on all past and present personnel for a period of 7 (seven) years. Signatory Companies will require all Personnel to authorize the access to, and retention of, employment records and available Government records, except where prohibited by law. Such records will be made available to any compliance mechanism established pursuant to this Code or Competent Authority on request, except where prohibited by law. 54. Signatory Companies will only hold passports, other travel documents, or other identification documents of their Personnel for the shortest period of time reasonable for administrative processing or other legitimate purposes. This paragraph does not prevent a Company from co-operating with law enforcement authorities in the event that a member of their Personnel is under investigation. Training of Personnel 55. Signatory Companies will ensure that all Personnel performing Security Services receive initial and recurrent professional training and are also fully aware of this Code and all applicable international and relevant national laws, including those pertaining to international human rights, international humanitarian law, international criminal law and other relevant criminal law. Signatory Companies will maintain records adequate to demonstrate attendance and results from all professional training sessions, including from practical exercises. 16. 13 Management of Weapons 56. Signatory Companies will acquire and maintain authorizations for the possession and use of any weapons and ammunition required by applicable law. 57. Signatory Companies will neither, and will require that their Personnel do not, possess nor use weapons or ammunition which are illegal under any applicable law. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel not, engage in any illegal weapons transfers and will conduct any weapons transactions in accordance with applicable laws and UN Security Council requirements, including sanctions. Weapons and ammunition will not be altered in any way that contravenes applicable national or international law. 58. Signatory Company policies or procedures for management of weapons and ammunitions should include: a) secure storage; b) controls over their issue; c) records regarding to whom and when weapons are issued; d) identification and accounting of all ammunition; and e) verifiable and proper disposal. Weapons Training 59. Signatory Companies will require that: a) Personnel who are to carry weapons will be granted authorization to do so only on completion or verification of appropriate training with regard to the type and model of weapon they will carry. Personnel will not operate with a weapon until they have successfully completed weapon-specific training. b) Personnel carrying weapons must receive regular, verifiable and recurrent training specific to the weapons they carry and rules for the use of force. c) Personnel carrying weapons must receive appropriate training in regard to rules on the use of force. This training may be based on a variety of relevant standards, but should be based at a minimum on the principles contained in this Code and the UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials (1990), and national laws or regulations in effect in the area duties will be performed. Management of Materiel of War 60. Signatory Companies will, and will require that their Personnel to, acquire and maintain all authorizations for the possession and use of any materiel of war, e.g. hazardous materials and munitions, as required by applicable law. 61. Signatory Companies will neither, and will require that their Personnel will neither, possess nor use any materiel of war, e.g. hazardous materials and munitions, which are illegal under any applicable law. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel not engage in any illegal material transfers and will conduct any materiel of war transactions in accordance with applicable laws and UN Security Council requirements, including sanctions. 62. Signatory Company policies or procedures for management of materiel of war, e.g. hazardous materials and munitions, should include: a) secure storage; 16. 14 b) controls over their issue; c) records regarding to whom and when materials are issued; and d) proper disposal procedures. Incident Reporting 63. Signatory Companies will prepare an incident report documenting any incident involving its Personnel that involves the use of any weapon, which includes the firing of weapons under any circumstance (except authorized training), any escalation of force, damage to equipment or injury to persons, attacks, criminal acts, traffic accidents, incidents involving other security forces, or such reporting as otherwise required by the Client, and will conduct an internal inquiry in order to determine the following: a) time and location of the incident; b) identity and nationality of any persons involved including their addresses and other contact details; c) injuries/damage sustained; d) circumstances leading up to the incident; and e) any measures taken by the Signatory Company in response to it. Upon completion of the inquiry, the Signatory Company will produce in writing an incident report including the above information, copies of which will be provided to the Client and, to the extent required by law, to the Competent Authorities. Safe and Healthy Working Environment 64. Signatory Companies will strive to provide a safe and healthy working environment, recognizing the possible inherent dangers and limitations presented by the local environment. Signatory Companies will ensure that reasonable precautions are taken to protect relevant staff in high-risk or life-threatening operations. These will include: a) assessing risks of injury to Personnel as well as the risks to the local population generated by the activities of Signatory Companies and/or Personnel; b) providing hostile environment training; c) providing adequate protective equipment, appropriate weapons and ammunition, and medical support; and d) adopting policies which support a safe and healthy working environment within the Company, such as policies which address psychological health, deter work-place violence, misconduct, alcohol and drug abuse, sexual harassment and other improper behaviour. Harassment 65. Signatory Companies will not tolerate harassment and abuse of co-workers by their Personnel. Grievance Procedures 66. Signatory Companies will establish grievance procedures to address claims alleging failure by the Company to respect the principles contained in this Code brought by Personnel or by third parties. 16. 15 67. Signatory Companies will: a) establish procedures for their Personnel and for third parties to report allegations of improper and/or illegal conduct to designated Personnel, including such acts or omissions that would violate the principles contained in this Code. Procedures must be fair, accessible and offer effective remedies, including recommendations for the prevention of recurrence. They shall also facilitate reporting by persons with reason to believe that improper or illegal conduct, or a violation of this Code, has occurred or is about to occur, of such conduct, to designated individuals within a Company and, where appropriate, to competent authorities; b) publish details of their grievance mechanism on a publically accessible website; c) investigate allegations promptly, impartially and with due consideration to confidentiality; d) keep records about any such allegations, findings or disciplinary measures. Except where prohibited or protected by applicable law, such records should be made available to a Competent Authority on request; e) cooperate with official investigations, and not participate in or tolerate from their Personnel, the impeding of witnesses, testimony or investigations; f) take appropriate disciplinary action, which could include termination of employment in case of a finding of such violations or unlawful behaviour; and g) ensure that their Personnel who report wrongdoings in good faith are provided protection against any retaliation for making such reports, such as shielding them from unwarranted or otherwise inappropriate disciplinary measures, and that matters raised are examined and acted upon without undue delay. 68. No provision in this Code should be interpreted as replacing any contractual requirements or specific Company policies or procedures for reporting wrongdoing. Meeting Liabilities 69. Signatory Companies will ensure that they have sufficient financial capacity in place at all times to meet reasonably anticipated commercial liabilities for damages to any person in respect of personal injury, death or damage to property. Sufficient financial capacity may be met by customer commitments, adequate insurance coverage, (such as by employer’s liability and public liability coverage appropriately sized for the scale and scope of operations of the Signatory Company) or self insurance/retention. Where it is not possible to obtain suitable insurance cover, the Signatory Company will make alternative arrangements to ensure that it is able to meet such liabilities. H. REVIEW 70. The Swiss Government will maintain a public list of Signatory Companies and convene an initial review conference with a view to reviewing the Code after governance and oversight mechanisms (as referenced in the Preamble and Section C “Implementation” to this Code) are developed.

 

  1. DEFINITIONS These definitions are only intended to apply exclusively in the context of this Code. Auditing – a process through which independent auditors, accredited by the governance and oversight mechanism, conduct on-site audits, including in the field, on a periodic basis, gathering data to be reported to the governance and oversight mechanism which will in turn verify whether a Company is meeting requirements and if not, what remediation may be required. Certification – a process through which the governance and oversight mechanism will certify that a Company’s systems and policies meet the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code and that a Company is undergoing Monitoring, Auditing, and verification, including in the field, by the governance and oversight mechanism. Certification is one element of a larger effort needed to ensure the credibility of any Implementation and oversight initiative. 16. 5 Client – an entity that hires, has formerly hired, or intends to hire a PSC to perform Security Services on its behalf, including, as appropriate, where such a PSC subcontracts with another Company. Company – any kind of business entity or form, such as a sole proprietorship, partnership, company (whether public or private), or corporation, and “Companies” shall be interpreted accordingly. Competent Authority – any state or intergovernmental organization which has jurisdiction over the activities and/or persons in question and “Competent Authorities” shall be interpreted accordingly. Complex Environments – any areas experiencing or recovering from unrest or instability, whether due to natural disasters or armed conflicts, where the rule of law has been substantially undermined, and in which the capacity of the state authority to handle the situation is diminished, limited, or non-existent. Implementation – the introduction of policy, governance and oversight mechanisms and training of Personnel and/or subcontractors by Signatory Companies, necessary to demonstrate compliance with the Code’s principles and the standards derived from this Code. Monitoring – a process for gathering data on whether Company Personnel, or subcontractors, are operating in compliance with the Code’s principles and standards derived from this Code. Personnel – persons working for a PSC, whether as employees or under a contract, including its staff, managers and directors. For the avoidance of doubt, persons are considered to be personnel if they are connected to a PSC through an employment contract (fixed term, permanent or open-ended) or a contract of assignment (whether renewable or not), or if they are independent contractors, or temporary workers and/or interns (whether paid or unpaid), regardless of the specific designation used by the Company concerned. Private Security Companies and Private Security Service Providers (collectively “PSCs”) – any Company (as defined in this Code) whose business activities include the provision of Security Services either on its own behalf or on behalf of another, irrespective of how such Company describes itself. Reporting – a process covered by necessary confidentiality and nondisclosure arrangements through which companies will submit to a governance and oversight mechanism a written assessment of their performance pursuant to a transparent set of criteria established by the mechanism. Security Services – guarding and protection of persons and objects, such as convoys, facilities, designated sites, property or other places (whether armed or unarmed), or any other activity for which the Personnel of Companies are required to carry or operate a weapon in the performance of their duties. Signatory Companies – are PSCs that have signed and agreed to operate in compliance with the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code and “Signatory Company” shall be interpreted accordingly.

 

Certification

The ICoCA is now accepting applications for ICoCA Certification from Member companies that have third-party certification to one (or more) of the following standards: ISO 18788, ISO 28007, PSC.1, issued by an independent accredited certification body[1]:.

 

To assist companies in preparing for certification, the Secretariat has prepared guidance on the process for the ISO 28007, ISO 18788 and PSC.1 standards.

 

Apply for ICoCA Certification

 

See  also:

FAQ on ICoCA Certification

Presentation on the ICoCA Certification procedure

Webinar on preparing for ICoCA Certification

 

Procedure

The ICoCA is responsible for certifying that the systems and policies established by Member companies of the Association meet the principles and standards of the Code of Conduct, and that they are undergoing monitoring, auditing, and verification, including in the field.

 

The Certification Procedure which accomplishes the vision laid out in Article 11 of the Articles of Association is the result of significant study, discussion, and pragmatic compromise among the pillars – led by the Board Directors – and represents a solid methodology for implementing the first of the Association’s significant Governance and Oversight functions. Following a final comments process the General Assembly voted to accept the procedure. The procedure demonstrates the efforts of the three member pillars to harmonize the Code with newly developed and emerging national and international standards for the private security industry.

 

Under the Procedure, the Board assesses and recognizes standards that are consistent with the Code of Conduct and defines, for each standard, additional information relative to the human rights and humanitarian law impact of PSC operations that it needs to assess whether a company’s systems and policies meet the requirements of the Code.  Members must then become certified to a standard recognized by the Board, and supply the additional information defined by the Board, in order to become certified to the Code.

 

Under the Articles of Association, as a transitional matter, Member PSCs shall enjoy on a provisional basis the rights of membership prior to certification under Article 11 until 30 September 2018 (Article 3.3.1).

 

Standards

 

As foreseen under article 11.2.4 of the Articles of Association, the certification process operates in a manner that is complementary to, and not duplicative of, certification under Board-recognized national and international standards.

 

PSC.1

PSC.1-2012 establishes a mechanism for private security service providers and their clients to provide demonstrable commitment, conformance, and accountability to the principles outlined in the International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers and the Montreux Document.

 

Following consultation with Members and Observers the Board have released a Recognition Statement for PSC.1, accompanied by Annex A (Certification Assessment Framework) and Annex B (Additional Requirements).

 

ISO 28007

ISO 28007-1:2015 gives guidelines containing additional sector-specific recommendations, which companies (organizations) who comply with ISO 28000 can implement to demonstrate that they provide Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel (PCASP) on board ships.

 

In accordance with the process described in the Certification Procedure, the Board have released a Recognition Statement for ISO 28007-1 (2015) (“ISO 28007”), accompanied by Annex A (Certification Assessment Framework), and Annex B (Additional Requirements). Comments received by stakeholders during the process are available here.

 

ISO 18788

ISO 18788:2015 provides a framework for establishing, implementing, operating, monitoring, reviewing, maintaining and improving the management of security operations. It provides the principles and requirements for a security operations management system; and provides a business and risk management framework for organizations conducting or contracting security operations and related activities.

 

In accordance with the process described in the Certification Procedure, the Board have released a Recognition Statement for ISO 18788:2015 (“ISO 18788”), accompanied by Annex A (Certification Assessment Framework), and Annex B (Additional Requirements). Comments received by stakeholders during the process are available here.

 

As of 1 November 2016 the ICoCA Secretariat is accepting requests for certification based on PSC.1, ISO 28007, and ISO 18788.  To assist Member companies the Secretariat has issued guidance for companies seeking ICoCA Certification based on these standards, including instructions on the submission of the information described in the Recognition Statement.

 

Download the Guidance documents (pdf):
Application form & guidance – ICoCA Certification Process for ISO 28007 certified companies
Application form & guidance – ICoCA Certification Process for ISO 18788 certified companies
Application form & guidance – ICoCA Certification Process for PSC.1 certified companies

 

 

(MS Word versions available on the Resources page)

 

ISO 9001 is not recognized as a pathway to ICoCA certification

 

The Board of Directors received a request from an ICoCA member that the Association evaluate the standard ISO 9001:2015 (hereafter “ISO 9001”), coupled with a “Human Rights Due Diligence Process and a Human Rights Impact Assessment,” for potential recognition pursuant to the ICoCA’s Certification Procedure.  In accordance with the ICoCA Certification Procedure, the Secretariat has conducted a preliminary analysis of ISO 9001 using the analytical matrix referred to in the Certification Procedure. Due to the significant gap between the coverage of the standard and the Code, particularly with respect to the human rights and humanitarian law-specific provisions of the Code, the Board has decided that further assessment and administration of the additional information that would be required for ISO 9001 to be recognized would be impractical at this time. The preliminary analysis of ISO 9001 is available here.

 

 

Relevant documents

 

Download the text of the Principles and Procedure for Certification (Article 11)

 

Presentation on the ICoCA Certification Procedure

 

Webinar explaining the process for acquiring ICoCA Certification based on IS0 28007 and PSC.1 standards

 

Frequently asked questions

 

[1] The list of current independent accredited Certification Bodies are available for PSC.1; for ISO 28007 ; and for ISO 18788.  Additional information from  SCEG.

 

Private security clients

Responsible private security

 

Clients who contract ICoCA Member companies as private security service providers benefit from:

 

Quality of service: ICoCA’s standards for membership and certification, and its ongoing monitoring function, assure high professional standards and best practice in governance;

Lower risks of liability and reputational damage by contracting with vetted companies that have demonstrated a commitment to the responsible provision of security services;

External support to ensure compliance with the International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers (“Code of Conduct”), including with regard to training.

 

Integrity and respect for human rights

 

The ICoCA relies on active participation from Members and partners in order to ensure integrity and compliance to the Code of Conduct by PSCs; and the Association is developing a large and diverse network to monitor its Members’ performance and support the Complaints function.

 

The Association is guided by Member companies, governments, and non-profit organizations specialized in aspects of regulation of the private security sector, human rights, and related thematic areas. Participation by the three membership pillars (Government, private security industry, and civil society), as well as Observers, in the governance of the Association ensures that ICoCA fulfils its mandate to promote responsible, professional private security services.

 

ICoCA’s Member companies commit to an integrated approach to ensuring compliance with the Code of Conduct:

 

Certification, consisting of meeting a recognized international standard and a thorough review of human rights and employment practices;

Monitoring to identify and address any issues, particularly in human rights performance;

Complaints function to support Member company grievance mechanisms and facilitate access to alternative remedies as needed.

 

ICoCA support

 

The ICoCA Secretariat stands ready to assist clients in sourcing responsible private security companies:

 

Delivery of monitoring and complaints functions;

Assistance to  private security providers in providing responsible security services;

Support on issues and barriers to membership or compliance with the Code of Conduct;

Advice on incorporating the Code of Conduct in procurement.

Resources

 

The resources below offer information and guidance for clients of private security service providers. Please note: these resources are for information only, and are not necessarily endorsed by the ICoCA.

 

Legislative Guidance Tool for States to Regulate Private Military and Security Companies (Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs and DCAF, 2016)  Discusses existing national legislation, policies, and best practices; and provides guidance for parliamentarians and policymakers to develop or update national legislation related to PMSCs, in line with international legal obligations and taking into account good practices.

 

Addressing Security and Human Rights Challenges in Complex Environments Toolkit – Third Edition (DCAF and ICRC, June 2016). Identifies real-life security and human rights challenges related to corporate operations, as well as good practices, tools and case studies. Chapter 3, ‘Working with Private Security Providers,’ offers specific guidance for clients of PSCs.

 

Recommendations for Hiring Private Security Providers (PSPs) (DCAF, ICRC, Socios Peru, and PeaceNexus, 2016). Recommendations, good practices, checklists and performance indicators for corporate PSC clients to effectively integrate all relevant human rights considerations.

 

Putting Private Security Regulation into Practice: Sharing Good Practices on Procurement and Contracting 2015–2016: A Scoping Study (DCAF Public-Private Partnership Series No. 2, 2016).  Examines existing procurement and contracting systems in international organizations and states, to support procurement and contracting policies based on international human rights standards.

 

Engaging Private Security Providers: A Guideline for Non-Governmental Organisations (EISF, 2011). Guidelines for humanitarian NGOs for the provision of security at headquarters, country and field level. NB: These guidelines were developed prior to the establishment of the Code of Conduct and ICoCA.

 

Public procurement and human rights (Danish Institute for Human Rights, 2016).  A learning platform to gather and disseminate experiences, analysis, innovation and human rights expertise.

 

The Montreux Documents and the International Code of Conduct: Understanding the relationship between international initiatives to regulate the global private security industry  (DCAF Public-Private Partnerships Series No. 1, 2016). Compares good practices contained in the Montreux Document and the ICoC principles. Examines how states can regulate the provision of private security services effectively and thereby implement good practices identified in the Montreux Document; and recommends that states include ICoCA membership in their national authorisation or hiring processes.

 

Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights are a set of principles designed to guide extractive sector companies in maintaining the safety and security of their operations within an operating framework that encourages respect for human rights.

 

Addressing Security and Human Rights Challenges in Complex Environments: Knowledge Hub (DCAF and ICRC) Online resource bringing together relevant resources and tools to facilitate problem-solving for companies facing the challenges of working in complex environments.

 

 

Download the contents of this page (print-ready 2-page pdf) (Also available in Spanish)

 

Participate!

 

For more information, as well as updates on the development of the Association, please contact the ICoCA Secretariat.

 

 

  1. 2 Contents Paragraphs Page A. PREAMBLE 1-8 3 B. DEFINITIONS 4 C. IMPLEMENTATION 9-12 6 D. GENERAL PROVISIONS 13-15 6 E. GENERAL COMMITMENTS 16-27 6 F. SPECIFIC PRINCIPLES REGARDING THE CONDUCT OF PERSONNEL General Conduct 28 8 Rules for the Use of Force 29 8 Use of Force 30-32 8 Detention 33 8 Apprehending Persons 34 9 Prohibition of Torture or Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 35-37 9 Sexual Exploitation and Abuse or Gender-Based Violence 38 9 Human Trafficking 39 10 Prohibition of Slavery and Forced Labour 40 10 Prohibition on the Worst Forms of Child Labour 41 10 Discrimination 42 10 Identification and Registering 43 10 G. SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS REGARDING MANAGEMENT AND GOVERNANCE Incorporation of the Code into Company Policies 44 11 Selection and Vetting of Personnel 45-49 11 Selection and Vetting of Subcontractors 50-51 12 Company Policies and Personnel Contracts 52-54 12 Training of Personnel 55 12 Management of Weapons 56-58 13 Weapons Training 59 13 Management of Materiel of War 60-62 13 Incident Reporting 63 14 Safe and Healthy Working Environment 64 14 Harassment 65 14 Grievance Procedures 66-68 14 Meeting Liabilities 69 15 H. REVIEW 70 15 16. 3 A. PREAMBLE 1. Private Security Companies and other Private Security Service Providers (collectively “PSCs”) play an important role in protecting state and non-state clients engaged in relief, recovery, and reconstruction efforts, commercial business operations, diplomacy and military activity. In providing these services, the activities of PSCs can have potentially positive and negative consequences for their clients, the local population in the area of operation, the general security environment, the enjoyment of human rights and the rule of law. 2. The Montreux Document On Pertinent International Legal Obligations and Good Practices for States Related to Operations of Private Military and Security Companies During Armed Conflict recognizes that well-established rules of international law apply to States in their relations with private security service providers and provides for good practices relating to PSCs. The “Respect, Protect, Remedy” framework developed by the Special Representative of the United Nations (UN) Secretary General on Business and Human Rights, and welcomed by the UN Human Rights Council, entails acting with due diligence to avoid infringing the rights of others. 3. Building on these foundations, the Signatory Companies to this International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers (the “Code”) endorse the principles of the Montreux Document and the aforementioned “Respect, Protect, Remedy” framework as they apply to PSCs. In so doing, the Signatory Companies commit to the responsible provision of Security Services so as to support the rule of law, respect the human rights of all persons, and protect the interests of their clients. 4. The Signatory Companies affirm that they have a responsibility to respect the human rights of, and fulfil humanitarian responsibilities towards, all those affected by their business activities, including Personnel, Clients, suppliers, shareholders, and the population of the area in which services are provided. The Signatory Companies also recognize the importance of respecting the various cultures encountered in their work, as well as the individuals they come into contact with as a result of those activities. 5. The purpose of this Code is to set forth a commonly-agreed set of principles for PSCs and to establish a foundation to translate those principles into related standards as well as governance and oversight mechanisms. 6. Signatory Companies commit to the following, as set forth in this Code: a) to operate in accordance with this Code; b) to operate in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, and in accordance with relevant corporate standards of business conduct; c) to operate in a manner that recognizes and supports the rule of law; respects human rights, and protects the interests of their clients; d) to take steps to establish and maintain an effective internal governance framework in order to deter, monitor, report, and effectively address adverse impacts on human rights; e) to provide a means for responding to and resolving allegations of activity that violates any applicable national or international law or this Code; and f) to cooperate in good faith with national and international authorities exercising proper jurisdiction, in particular with regard to national and international investigations of violations of national and international criminal law, of violations of international humanitarian law, or of human rights abuses. 16. 4 7. Those establishing this Code recognize that this Code acts as a founding instrument for a broader initiative to create better governance, compliance and accountability. Recognizing that further effort is necessary to implement effectively the principles of this Code, Signatory Companies accordingly commit to work with states, other Signatory Companies, Clients and other relevant stakeholders after initial endorsement of this Code to, within 18 months: a) Establish objective and measurable standards for providing Security Services based upon this Code, with the objective of realizing common and internationally-recognized operational and business practice standards; and b) Establish external independent mechanisms for effective governance and oversight, which will include Certification of Signatory Companies’ compliance with the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code, beginning with adequate policies and procedures, Auditing and Monitoring of their work in the field, including Reporting, and execution of a mechanism to address alleged violations of the Code’s principles or the standards derived from the Code; and thereafter to consider the development of additional principles and standards for related services, such as training of external forces, the provision of maritime security services and the participation in operations related to detainees and other protected persons. 8. Signature of this Code is the first step in a process towards full compliance. Signatory Companies need to: (1) establish and/or demonstrate internal processes to meet the requirements of the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code; and (2) once the governance and oversight mechanism is established, become certified by and submit to ongoing independent Auditing and verification by that mechanism. Signatory Companies undertake to be transparent regarding their progress towards implementing the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code. Companies will not claim they are certified under this Code until Certification has been granted by the governance and oversight mechanism as outlined below. B. DEFINITIONS These definitions are only intended to apply exclusively in the context of this Code. Auditing – a process through which independent auditors, accredited by the governance and oversight mechanism, conduct on-site audits, including in the field, on a periodic basis, gathering data to be reported to the governance and oversight mechanism which will in turn verify whether a Company is meeting requirements and if not, what remediation may be required. Certification – a process through which the governance and oversight mechanism will certify that a Company’s systems and policies meet the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code and that a Company is undergoing Monitoring, Auditing, and verification, including in the field, by the governance and oversight mechanism. Certification is one element of a larger effort needed to ensure the credibility of any Implementation and oversight initiative. 16. 5 Client – an entity that hires, has formerly hired, or intends to hire a PSC to perform Security Services on its behalf, including, as appropriate, where such a PSC subcontracts with another Company. Company – any kind of business entity or form, such as a sole proprietorship, partnership, company (whether public or private), or corporation, and “Companies” shall be interpreted accordingly. Competent Authority – any state or intergovernmental organization which has jurisdiction over the activities and/or persons in question and “Competent Authorities” shall be interpreted accordingly. Complex Environments – any areas experiencing or recovering from unrest or instability, whether due to natural disasters or armed conflicts, where the rule of law has been substantially undermined, and in which the capacity of the state authority to handle the situation is diminished, limited, or non-existent. Implementation – the introduction of policy, governance and oversight mechanisms and training of Personnel and/or subcontractors by Signatory Companies, necessary to demonstrate compliance with the Code’s principles and the standards derived from this Code. Monitoring – a process for gathering data on whether Company Personnel, or subcontractors, are operating in compliance with the Code’s principles and standards derived from this Code. Personnel – persons working for a PSC, whether as employees or under a contract, including its staff, managers and directors. For the avoidance of doubt, persons are considered to be personnel if they are connected to a PSC through an employment contract (fixed term, permanent or open-ended) or a contract of assignment (whether renewable or not), or if they are independent contractors, or temporary workers and/or interns (whether paid or unpaid), regardless of the specific designation used by the Company concerned. Private Security Companies and Private Security Service Providers (collectively “PSCs”) – any Company (as defined in this Code) whose business activities include the provision of Security Services either on its own behalf or on behalf of another, irrespective of how such Company describes itself. Reporting – a process covered by necessary confidentiality and nondisclosure arrangements through which companies will submit to a governance and oversight mechanism a written assessment of their performance pursuant to a transparent set of criteria established by the mechanism. Security Services – guarding and protection of persons and objects, such as convoys, facilities, designated sites, property or other places (whether armed or unarmed), or any other activity for which the Personnel of Companies are required to carry or operate a weapon in the performance of their duties. Signatory Companies – are PSCs that have signed and agreed to operate in compliance with the Code’s principles and the standards derived from the Code and “Signatory Company” shall be interpreted accordingly. 16. 6 C. IMPLEMENTATION 9. In recognition of the additional steps to be taken to support the Implementation of this Code – in particular the development of standards based on the Code (“standards”) and an independent governance and oversight mechanism (“the mechanism”) as outlined in the Preamble – Signatory Companies intend to, along with other interested stakeholders, convene regularly to review progress toward those steps. 10. Upon signature of the Code, Signatory Companies and other stakeholders will undertake to work with national standards bodies as appropriate to develop standards, with the intent that any national standards would eventually be harmonized in an international set of standards based on the Code. 11. Upon signature of the Code, Signatory Companies and other stakeholders will appoint a multi-stakeholder steering committee of 6-9 members who will function as a “temporary board”. This steering committee will be responsible for developing and documenting the initial arrangements for the independent governance and oversight mechanism, including by-laws or a charter which will outline mandate and governing policies for the mechanism. The Steering Committee will endeavour to complete a work plan for constituting the mechanism before the end of March 2011, and further to develop the bylaws/charter by the end of July 2011 and an operational plan before the end of November 2011. 12. After the independent governance and oversight mechanism has been constituted (by the adoption of bylaws/charter), the governance and oversight mechanism shall accept responsibility for maintenance and administration of the Code, and shall determine whether and how it is appropriate for the mechanism and standards to be reflected in the text of the Code itself. D. GENERAL PROVISIONS 13. This Code articulates principles applicable to the actions of Signatory Companies while performing Security Services in Complex Environments. 14. This Code complements and does not replace the control exercised by Competent Authorities, and does not limit or alter applicable international law or relevant national law. The Code itself creates no legal obligations and no legal liabilities on the Signatory Companies, beyond those which already exist under national or international law. Nothing in this Code shall be interpreted as limiting or prejudicing in any way existing or developing rules of international law. 15. This Code may be modified in accordance with procedures to be established by the governance and oversight mechanism. E. GENERAL COMMITMENTS 16. Signatory Companies agree to operate in accordance with the principles contained in this Code. Signatory Companies will require that their Personnel, and all subcontractors or other parties carrying out Security Services under Signatory Company contracts, operate in accordance with the principles contained in this Code. 16. 7 17. Signatory Companies will implement appropriate policies and oversight with the intent that the actions of their Personnel comply at all times with the principles contained herein. 18. Signatory Companies will make compliance with this Code an integral part of contractual agreements with Personnel and subcontractors or other parties carrying out Security Services under their contracts. 19. Signatory Companies will adhere to this Code, even when the Code is not included in a contractual agreement with a Client. 20. Signatory Companies will not knowingly enter into contracts where performance would directly and materially conflict with the principles of this Code, applicable national or international law, or applicable local, regional and international human rights law, and are not excused by any contractual obligation from complying with this Code. To the maximum extent possible, Signatory Companies will interpret and perform contracts in a manner that is consistent with this Code. 21. Signatory Companies will comply, and will require their Personnel to comply, with applicable law which may include international humanitarian law, and human rights law as imposed upon them by applicable national law, as well as all other applicable international and national law. Signatory Companies will exercise due diligence to ensure compliance with the law and with the principles contained in this Code, and will respect the human rights of persons they come into contact with, including, the rights to freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly and against arbitrary or unlawful interference with privacy or deprivation of property. 22. Signatory Companies agree not to contract with, support or service any government, person, or entity in a manner that would be contrary to United Nations Security Council sanctions. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel do not, participate in, encourage, or seek to benefit from any national or international crimes including but not limited to war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, torture, enforced disappearance, forced or compulsory labour, hostage-taking, sexual or gender-based violence, human trafficking, the trafficking of weapons or drugs, child labour or extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions. 23. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel do not, invoke contractual obligations, superior orders or exceptional circumstances such as an armed conflict or an imminent armed conflict, a threat to national or international security, internal political instability, or any other public emergency, as a justification for engaging in any of the conduct identified in paragraph 22 of this Code. 24. Signatory Companies will report, and will require their Personnel to report, known or reasonable suspicion of the commission of any of the acts identified in paragraph 22 of this Code to the Client and one or more of the following: the Competent Authorities in the country where the act took place, the country of nationality of the victim, or the country of nationality of the perpetrator. 25. Signatory Companies will take reasonable steps to ensure that the goods and services they provide are not used to violate human rights law or international humanitarian law, and such goods and services are not derived from such violations. 26. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel do not, consistent with applicable national and international law, promise, offer, or give to any public 16. 8 official, directly or indirectly, anything of value for the public official himself or herself or another person or entity, in order that the public official act or refrain from acting in the exercise of his or her official duties if such inducement is illegal. Signatory Companies will not, and will require their Personnel do not, solicit or accept, directly or indirectly, anything of value in exchange for not complying with national and international law and/or standards, or with the principles contained within this Code. 27. Signatory Companies are responsible for establishing a corporate culture that promotes awareness of and adherence by all Personnel to the principles of this Code. Signatory Companies will require their Personnel to comply with this Code, which will include providing sufficient training to ensure Personnel are capable of doing so. F. SPECIFIC PRINCIPLES REGARDING THE CONDUCT OF PERSONNEL General Conduct 28. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, treat all persons humanely and with respect for their dignity and privacy and will report any breach of this Code. Rules for the Use of Force 29. Signatory Companies will adopt Rules for the Use of Force consistent with applicable law and the minimum requirements contained in the section on Use of Force in this Code and agree those rules with the Client. Use of Force 30. Signatory Companies will require their Personnel to take all reasonable steps to avoid the use of force. If force is used, it shall be in a manner consistent with applicable law. In no case shall the use of force exceed what is strictly necessary, and should be proportionate to the threat and appropriate to the situation. 31. Signatory Companies will require that their Personnel not use firearms against persons except in self-defence or defence of others against the imminent threat of death or serious injury, or to prevent the perpetration of a particularly serious crime involving grave threat to life. 32. To the extent that Personnel are formally authorized to assist in the exercise of a state’s law enforcement authority, Signatory Companies will require that their use of force or weapons will comply with all national and international obligations applicable to regular law enforcement officials of that state and, as a minimum, with the standards expressed in the United Nations Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials (1990). Detention 33. Signatory Companies will only, and will require their Personnel will only, guard, transport, or question detainees if: (a) the Company has been specifically contracted to do so by a state; and (b) its Personnel are trained in the applicable national and international law. Signatory Companies will, and will require that their Personnel, treat all detained persons humanely and consistent with their status and protections under applicable human rights law or international humanitarian law, including in 16. 9 particular prohibitions on torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Apprehending Persons 34. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, not take or hold any persons except when apprehending persons to defend themselves or others against an imminent threat of violence, or following an attack or crime committed by such persons against Company Personnel, or against clients or property under their protection, pending the handover of such detained persons to the Competent Authority at the earliest opportunity. Any such apprehension must be consistent with applicable national or international law and be reported to the Client without delay. Signatory Companies will, and will require that their Personnel to, treat all apprehended persons humanely and consistent with their status and protections under applicable human rights law or international humanitarian law, including in particular prohibitions on torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Prohibition of Torture or Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 35. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel not, engage in torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. For the avoidance of doubt, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, as referred to here, includes conduct by a private entity which would constitute torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment if committed by a public official. 36. Contractual obligations, superior orders or exceptional circumstances such as an armed conflict or an imminent armed conflict, a threat to national or international security, internal political instability, or any other public emergency, can never be a justification for engaging in torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. 37. Signatory Companies will, and will require that their Personnel, report any acts of torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, known to them, or of which they have reasonable suspicion. Such reports will be made to the Client and one or more of the following: the competent authorities in the country where the acts took place, the country of nationality of the victim, or the country of nationality of the perpetrator. Sexual Exploitation and Abuse or Gender-Based Violence 38. Signatory Companies will not benefit from, nor allow their Personnel to engage in or benefit from, sexual exploitation (including, for these purposes, prostitution) and abuse or gender-based violence or crimes, either within the Company or externally, including rape, sexual harassment, or any other form of sexual abuse or violence. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, remain vigilant for all instances of sexual or gender-based violence and, where discovered, report such instances to competent authorities. 16. 10 Human Trafficking 39. Signatory Companies will not, and will require their Personnel not to, engage in trafficking in persons. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, remain vigilant for all instances of trafficking in persons and, where discovered, report such instances to Competent Authorities. For the purposes of this Code, human trafficking is the recruitment, harbouring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for (1) a commercial sex act induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or (2) labour or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, debt bondage, or slavery. Prohibition of Slavery and Forced Labour 40. Signatory Companies will not use slavery, forced or compulsory labour, or be complicit in any other entity’s use of such labour. Prohibition on the Worst Forms of Child Labour 41. Signatory Companies will respect the rights of children (anyone under the age of 18) to be protected from the worst forms of child labour, including: a) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labour, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in provision of armed services; b) the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances; c) the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs; d) work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children. Signatory Companies will, and will require their Personnel to, report any instances of the activities referenced above that they know of, or have reasonable suspicion of, to Competent Authorities. Discrimination 42. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel do not, discriminate on grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, social origin, social status, indigenous status, disability, or sexual orientation when hiring Personnel and will select Personnel on the basis of the inherent requirements of the contract. Identification and Registering 43. Signatory Companies, to the extent consistent with reasonable security requirements and the safety of civilians, their Personnel and Clients, will: a) require all Personnel to be individually identifiable whenever they are carrying out activities in discharge of their contractual responsibilities; 16. 11 b) ensure that their vehicles are registered and licensed with the relevant national authorities whenever they are carrying out activities in discharge of their contractual responsibilities; and c) will ensure that all hazardous materials are registered and licensed with the relevant national authorities. G. SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS REGARDING MANAGEMENT AND GOVERNANCE Incorporation of the Code into Company Policies 44. Signatory Companies will incorporate this Code into Company policies and internal control and compliance systems and integrate it into all relevant elements of their operations. Selection and Vetting of Personnel 45. Signatory Companies will exercise due diligence in the selection of Personnel, including verifiable vetting and ongoing performance review of their Personnel. Signatory Companies will only hire individuals with the requisite qualifications as defined by the applicable contract, applicable national law and industry standards, and the principles contained in this Code. 46. Signatory Companies will not hire individuals under the age of 18 years to carry out Security Services. 47. Signatory Companies will assess and ensure the continued ability of Personnel to perform their duties in accordance with the principles of this Code and will regularly evaluate Personnel to ensure that they meet appropriate physical and mental fitness standards to perform their contracted duties. 48. Signatory Companies will establish and maintain internal policies and procedures to determine the suitability of applicants, or Personnel, to carry weapons as part of their duties. At a minimum, this will include checks that they have not: a) been convicted of a crime that would indicate that the individual lacks the character and fitness to perform security services pursuant to the principles of this Code; b) been dishonourably discharged; c) had other employment or engagement contracts terminated for documented violations of one or more of the principles contained in this Code; or d) had a history of other conduct that, according to an objectively reasonable standard, brings into question their fitness to carry a weapon. For the purposes of this paragraph, disqualifying crimes may include, but are not limited to, battery, murder, arson, fraud, rape, sexual abuse, organized crime, bribery, corruption, perjury, torture, kidnapping, drug trafficking or trafficking in persons. This provision shall not override any law restricting whether a crime may be considered in evaluating an applicant. Nothing in this section would prohibit a Company from utilizing more stringent criteria. 49. Signatory Companies will require all applicants to authorize access to prior employment records and available Government records as a condition for employment or engagement. This includes records relating to posts held with the 16. 12 military, police or public or Private Security Providers. Moreover, Signatory Companies will, consistent with applicable national law, require all Personnel to agree to participate in internal investigations and disciplinary procedures as well as in any public investigations conducted by competent authorities, except where prohibited by law. Selection and Vetting of Subcontractors 50. Signatory Companies will exercise due diligence in the selection, vetting and ongoing performance review of all subcontractors performing Security Services. 51. In accordance with principle 13 of this Code, Signatory Companies will require that their Personnel and all subcontractors and other parties carrying out Security Services under the contract, operate in accordance with the principles contained in this Code and the standards derived from the Code. If a Company contracts with an individual or any other group or entity to perform Security Services, and that individual or group is not able to fulfil the selection, vetting and training principles contained in this Code and the standards derived from the Code, the contracting Company will take reasonable and appropriate steps to ensure that all selection, vetting and training of subcontractor’s Personnel is conducted in accordance with the principles contained in this Code and the standards derived from the Code. Company Policies and Personnel Contracts 52. Signatory Companies will ensure that their policies on the nature and scope of services they provide, on hiring of Personnel and other relevant Personnel reference materials such as Personnel contracts include appropriate incorporation of this Code and relevant and applicable labour laws. Contract terms and conditions will be clearly communicated and available in a written form to all Personnel in a format and language that is accessible to them. 53. Signatory Companies will keep employment and service records and reports on all past and present personnel for a period of 7 (seven) years. Signatory Companies will require all Personnel to authorize the access to, and retention of, employment records and available Government records, except where prohibited by law. Such records will be made available to any compliance mechanism established pursuant to this Code or Competent Authority on request, except where prohibited by law. 54. Signatory Companies will only hold passports, other travel documents, or other identification documents of their Personnel for the shortest period of time reasonable for administrative processing or other legitimate purposes. This paragraph does not prevent a Company from co-operating with law enforcement authorities in the event that a member of their Personnel is under investigation. Training of Personnel 55. Signatory Companies will ensure that all Personnel performing Security Services receive initial and recurrent professional training and are also fully aware of this Code and all applicable international and relevant national laws, including those pertaining to international human rights, international humanitarian law, international criminal law and other relevant criminal law. Signatory Companies will maintain records adequate to demonstrate attendance and results from all professional training sessions, including from practical exercises. 16. 13 Management of Weapons 56. Signatory Companies will acquire and maintain authorizations for the possession and use of any weapons and ammunition required by applicable law. 57. Signatory Companies will neither, and will require that their Personnel do not, possess nor use weapons or ammunition which are illegal under any applicable law. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel not, engage in any illegal weapons transfers and will conduct any weapons transactions in accordance with applicable laws and UN Security Council requirements, including sanctions. Weapons and ammunition will not be altered in any way that contravenes applicable national or international law. 58. Signatory Company policies or procedures for management of weapons and ammunitions should include: a) secure storage; b) controls over their issue; c) records regarding to whom and when weapons are issued; d) identification and accounting of all ammunition; and e) verifiable and proper disposal. Weapons Training 59. Signatory Companies will require that: a) Personnel who are to carry weapons will be granted authorization to do so only on completion or verification of appropriate training with regard to the type and model of weapon they will carry. Personnel will not operate with a weapon until they have successfully completed weapon-specific training. b) Personnel carrying weapons must receive regular, verifiable and recurrent training specific to the weapons they carry and rules for the use of force. c) Personnel carrying weapons must receive appropriate training in regard to rules on the use of force. This training may be based on a variety of relevant standards, but should be based at a minimum on the principles contained in this Code and the UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials (1990), and national laws or regulations in effect in the area duties will be performed. Management of Materiel of War 60. Signatory Companies will, and will require that their Personnel to, acquire and maintain all authorizations for the possession and use of any materiel of war, e.g. hazardous materials and munitions, as required by applicable law. 61. Signatory Companies will neither, and will require that their Personnel will neither, possess nor use any materiel of war, e.g. hazardous materials and munitions, which are illegal under any applicable law. Signatory Companies will not, and will require that their Personnel not engage in any illegal material transfers and will conduct any materiel of war transactions in accordance with applicable laws and UN Security Council requirements, including sanctions. 62. Signatory Company policies or procedures for management of materiel of war, e.g. hazardous materials and munitions, should include: a) secure storage; 16. 14 b) controls over their issue; c) records regarding to whom and when materials are issued; and d) proper disposal procedures. Incident Reporting 63. Signatory Companies will prepare an incident report documenting any incident involving its Personnel that involves the use of any weapon, which includes the firing of weapons under any circumstance (except authorized training), any escalation of force, damage to equipment or injury to persons, attacks, criminal acts, traffic accidents, incidents involving other security forces, or such reporting as otherwise required by the Client, and will conduct an internal inquiry in order to determine the following: a) time and location of the incident; b) identity and nationality of any persons involved including their addresses and other contact details; c) injuries/damage sustained; d) circumstances leading up to the incident; and e) any measures taken by the Signatory Company in response to it. Upon completion of the inquiry, the Signatory Company will produce in writing an incident report including the above information, copies of which will be provided to the Client and, to the extent required by law, to the Competent Authorities. Safe and Healthy Working Environment 64. Signatory Companies will strive to provide a safe and healthy working environment, recognizing the possible inherent dangers and limitations presented by the local environment. Signatory Companies will ensure that reasonable precautions are taken to protect relevant staff in high-risk or life-threatening operations. These will include: a) assessing risks of injury to Personnel as well as the risks to the local population generated by the activities of Signatory Companies and/or Personnel; b) providing hostile environment training; c) providing adequate protective equipment, appropriate weapons and ammunition, and medical support; and d) adopting policies which support a safe and healthy working environment within the Company, such as policies which address psychological health, deter work-place violence, misconduct, alcohol and drug abuse, sexual harassment and other improper behaviour. Harassment 65. Signatory Companies will not tolerate harassment and abuse of co-workers by their Personnel. Grievance Procedures 66. Signatory Companies will establish grievance procedures to address claims alleging failure by the Company to respect the principles contained in this Code brought by Personnel or by third parties. 16. 15 67. Signatory Companies will: a) establish procedures for their Personnel and for third parties to report allegations of improper and/or illegal conduct to designated Personnel, including such acts or omissions that would violate the principles contained in this Code. Procedures must be fair, accessible and offer effective remedies, including recommendations for the prevention of recurrence. They shall also facilitate reporting by persons with reason to believe that improper or illegal conduct, or a violation of this Code, has occurred or is about to occur, of such conduct, to designated individuals within a Company and, where appropriate, to competent authorities; b) publish details of their grievance mechanism on a publically accessible website; c) investigate allegations promptly, impartially and with due consideration to confidentiality; d) keep records about any such allegations, findings or disciplinary measures. Except where prohibited or protected by applicable law, such records should be made available to a Competent Authority on request; e) cooperate with official investigations, and not participate in or tolerate from their Personnel, the impeding of witnesses, testimony or investigations; f) take appropriate disciplinary action, which could include termination of employment in case of a finding of such violations or unlawful behaviour; and g) ensure that their Personnel who report wrongdoings in good faith are provided protection against any retaliation for making such reports, such as shielding them from unwarranted or otherwise inappropriate disciplinary measures, and that matters raised are examined and acted upon without undue delay. 68. No provision in this Code should be interpreted as replacing any contractual requirements or specific Company policies or procedures for reporting wrongdoing. Meeting Liabilities 69. Signatory Companies will ensure that they have sufficient financial capacity in place at all times to meet reasonably anticipated commercial liabilities for damages to any person in respect of personal injury, death or damage to property. Sufficient financial capacity may be met by customer commitments, adequate insurance coverage, (such as by employer’s liability and public liability coverage appropriately sized for the scale and scope of operations of the Signatory Company) or self insurance/retention. Where it is not possible to obtain suitable insurance cover, the Signatory Company will make alternative arrangements to ensure that it is able to meet such liabilities. H. REVIEW 70. The Swiss Government will maintain a public list of Signatory Companies and convene an initial review conference with a view to reviewing the Code after governance and oversight mechanisms (as referenced in the Preamble and Section C “Implementation” to this Code) are developed. 45

Certification  79

Standards  80

ISO 9001 is not recognized as a pathway to ICoCA certification  82

Relevant documents  82

Private security clients  83

Responsible private security  83

Integrity and respect for human rights  83

ICoCA support 84

Resources  84

         Download the contents of this page (print-ready 2-page pdf) (Also available in Spanish) 86

Participate! 86

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